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What are the wireless connection technologies of the... Internet of things (iot) applications have been deeply rooted in our lives. The E-Lins H685 industrial-grade router is a small industrial-grade wireless router with single or double LAN ports. TDD/ fdd-lte, 4G, 3G, GPRS network optional. Besides, what are the wireless connectivity technologies for the Internet of things?   1....

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The use of industrial wireless routers Industrial-grade wireless router adopts high performance 32-bit industrial-grade ARM9 communication processor, which is widely used in finance, electric power, postal, water conservancy, environmental protection, meteorology and other industries.   Industrial router is mainly used in intelligent transportation,...

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Cascade and stack of industrial-grade 4G routers The most basic star Ethernet architecture, the actual star enterprise network may be much more complex than this. This renaturation is not only reflected in how high-end network equipment, how complex configuration, more importantly, the performance of network switching level is more complex. Industrial routers and firewalls...

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The difference between 4G router and 4G DTU 4G industrial wireless router and 4G DTU are also used for wireless network data transmission of industrial equipment. But there are also significant differences between the two, and the differences between the two are mainly from the appearance of the interface, the use of methods and the application environment.   1....

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Characteristics and differences between RS485 and RS232 RS232 and RS485 have always been the weak current common interface, but there are a lot of people do not understand the difference between them is not very thorough.   I. overview of RS485   RS-485 serial bus is widely used when the communication distance is tens of meters to thousands of meters. RS-485...

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The similarities and differences between industrial 4G router and industrial switch

Category : 技术相关

1. definition of industrial 4G router and industrial switch

 

Industrial 4G router:

 

Industrial 4G router is a network device responsible for path finding. It provides users with communication by finding the least communication from multiple paths in the interconnection network. Industrial 4G router has two typical functions: data channel function and control function. The functions of data channel include forwarding decision, backplane forwarding and output link scheduling, etc. The control function is usually implemented by software, including information exchange, system configuration and system management between the router and the neighboring industry 4G router. Industrial 4G routers are used to connect multiple logically separate networks. The industrial 4G router USES the routing table to select the path for data transmission. The routing table contains the list of network addresses and the distance between each address. The industrial 4G router USES the routing table to find the correct path of the packet from the current location to the destination address. The industrial 4G router USES the least time algorithm or the optimal path algorithm to adjust the path of information transmission. If one network path fails or becomes blocked, the industrial 4G router can choose another path to ensure the normal transmission of information. Industrial 4G routers can convert data formats and become necessary devices for network interconnection between different protocols.

 

Industrial 4G routers use path searching protocol to obtain network information, and use path searching algorithm and criterion based on “path searching matrix” to select the optimal path. According to the OSI reference model, an industrial 4G router is a network layer system. Industrial 4G routers are divided into single-protocol industrial 4G router and multi-protocol industrial 4G router.

 

The Internet is made up of a variety of networks, of which industrial 4G routers are a very important part. Intranet to be incorporated into the Internet and serve as Internet service, industrial 4G router is an indispensable component, and the configuration of industrial 4G router is also relatively complex.

 

Industrial Switch:

 

Industrial switch is a device that expands the network and provides more connection ports for the sub-network to connect more computers. With the development of the communications industry and the advancement of the informatization of the national economy, the network exchange market has been rising steadily. It features high cost ratio, high flexibility, relatively simple and easy to implement. Therefore, Ethernet technology has become the most important LAN networking technology, network switch has become the most popular switch. The switch can be recognized based on MAC address, and can complete the function of packaging and forwarding packet network equipment. An industrial switch can “learn” the MAC address and store it in the internal address table, enabling the data frame to go directly from the source address to the destination address by establishing a temporary switching path between the originator of the data frame and the target receiver. If the network utilization is over 40% and the collision rate is over 10%, the industrial switch can help you solve a few problems. Industrial switches with 100Mbps fast Ethernet and 10Mbps Ethernet ports can run in full duplex mode and can establish dedicated 20Mbps to 200Mbps connections.

 

2. Similarities and differences between industrial 4G routers and industrial switches

 

Similarity

 

(1) “exchange” is a word with a wide range of meanings. When it is used to describe the devices in the second layer of data network, it actually refers to a bridging device; When it is used to describe the third layer of the data network, it refers to a routing device. That is, both industrial switches and industrial 4G routers can be used to exchange network devices, but at different levels.

 

(2) Internet access. It’s all about extending the network.

 

Differences

 

(1) The first industrial switch worked at the OSI/RM open architecture’s data link layer (layer 2), while the industrial 4G router was initially designed to work at the OSI model’s network layer. Since the industrial switch works at the OSI layer 2 (data link layer), it works simpler, while the industrial 4G router works at the OSI layer 3 (network layer), which yields more protocol information, and the industrial 4G router makes smarter forwarding decisions.

 

(2) different industrial switches based on different objects for data forwarding use physical address or MAC address to determine the destination address for data forwarding. Industrial 4G routers, on the other hand, use the ID Numbers (i.e. IP addresses) of different networks to determine the addresses for data forwarding. IP addresses are implemented in software that describe the network on which the device is located, and sometimes these third-tier addresses are also known as protocol addresses or network addresses. MAC addresses are typically hardware-owned, assigned by network card manufacturers, and have been solidified into network CARDS, which are generally immutable. IP addresses are usually assigned automatically by the network administrator or the system.

 

(3) traditional industrial switches can only divide the conflict domain and cannot divide the broadcast domain. Industrial 4G routers can segment broadcast domains. A network segment connected by an industrial switch still belongs to the same broadcast domain, and broadcast packets are spread across all network segments connected by an industrial switch, in some cases leading to communications advocacy and security vulnerabilities. Network segments connected to industrial 4G routers are assigned different broadcast domains, and broadcast data does not pass through industrial 4G routers.

 

Although the industrial switch above the third layer has VLAN function and can divide the broadcast domain, the communication between sub-broadcast domains is not possible, and the communication between them still needs the industrial 4G router.

 

(4) industrial 4G routers provide firewall services, which only forward packets of specific addresses, do not transmit packets that do not support routing protocol, and the transmission of target network packets for knowledge, thus preventing broadcast storms.

E-Lins Industrial router applications

Category : 技术相关

Industrial-grade routers as Internet network layer communication equipment application in all walks of life, brought a lot of convenience for our industry. “E-Lins” introduce the application of industrial router scenario analysis.

 

1 The self-service terminal network

 

E-lins industrial router networking facilitates the wireless networking and remote management of self-service terminals. Operations can be self-service equipment such as self-help harvest home, machines, payment terminal layout to any area of the wireless network coverage, such as shopping malls, neighborhood, community, etc., a substantial increase in business volume.

 

2 The smart grid remote video monitoring

 

Remote video monitoring system has been widely used in intelligent monitoring of transmission lines. The system carries out remote real-time video monitoring of transmission lines, towers and transmission substation of transmission lines. The collected real-time video image information can be transmitted to the management center through the link of industrial wireless router. Real-time monitoring of transmission line state, enhance the level of the lean production management.

 

3 Management of public bicycle in traffic areas

 

Public bike rental system includes management center, customer service sites, bike rental sites of three parts. Industrial router applications in the center of the management of communication management system, through the network operators, box rental management system with the background data forwarding, intelligent parking system and settlement system of data transmission, transfer, and the data transmission function with the other application systems.

 

4 Remote audio-video monitoring of driver’s license test

 

In order to effectively prevent accidents, control the source of safety management and regulate the driver’s license examination, the traffic management bureau of the ministry of public security has been successively implemented in various places to strengthen the management guidance of motor vehicle drivers. Cameras are installed on the driver’s license examination vehicles, and connected with the rear platform through 4G industrial router. The subjects of the driver’s test of automobiles are subject to video and audio monitoring. Print 3 randomly captured test photos on the test report card of each subject, and the test video will be kept for more than 1 year.

 

5 WIFI bus

 

WIFI bus is an important part of wisdom city. Routers through 4 g in the car industry, will be on the way of the 3 g / 4 g mobile communication base station emission signal into stable quality of network signals (such as wi-fi signals), micro letter can easily meet car passengers chat, on QQ, local news, download the APP and other mobile Internet lifestyle. Can fully support all the bus company and scheduling, scheduling, statistical analysis and other business needs; Can also support the bus video image transmission of the monitoring system, once the vehicle accident or emergency, video monitoring system can start immediately, will video transmission to the rear of the console for emergency response and scheduling platform center.

 

6 Intelligent express delivery cabinet

 

The intelligent express delivery cabinet connects and interacts with the central management platform via the operator’s 3G/4G wireless network through wireless router to realize remote management and monitoring. And through the VPN and VPDN, realize the security of the data transmission. Send and receive express real-time, liberate the workforce, the center server for data processing and integration, realizing data sharing, in order to ensure real-time and efficient express business. Real time control of the terminal all express ark centralized remote management, operation condition, reduce operating costs, improve service quality.

 

7 Equipment remote monitoring

 

Using 4 g industrial router to establish a system of numerical control machine tool remote fault diagnosis is to CNC machine tool fault diagnosis technology and the INTERNET of wireless communication technology, the combination of establishing monitoring on nc machine tools, its running status data, and in the center of the enterprise local area network and the INTERNET to establish expert diagnosis and analysis of CNC machine running status diagnosis. It can make fault diagnosis is more flexible and convenient, and can effectively improve the diagnostic accuracy and work efficiency, reduce maintenance time.

 

The industrial wireless router has become a magical device in the field of Internet of things M2M due to its fast transmission rate and strong stability.

Wireless M2M Solution for Environmental

Category : 其他

Wireless M2M Solution for Environmental

Environmental information of large quantity, various kinds and quick update is in urgent demand. Thus, how to establish environmental data acquisition systems of practical use, wide coverage, real-time, and flexibility?  Data transmission with GPRS wireless network comes. Pollution monitoring equipment could send collected pollution data and alarm information to environmental monitoring department with GPRS network timely, achieving efficient and effective management over sewage units.

Wireless M2M Solution for Energy Sources

Category : 其他

Wireless M2M Solution for Energy Sources

 

With tech development, E-Lins smart series modules and computer-systems appear to serve oil field, able to remote monitor and collect oil equipment data. Oil well pump is the key part in oil field. Large quantity and wide spread of oil wells increases labor intensity, moreover impacting real-time data extraction and accuracy of equipment monitoring. Oil field monitoring and operating system, based upon computer and GPRS wireless data radio, solves the problem, greatly improving oil production efficiency, reducing overall cost, and realizing oil production and management automation.

Wireless M2M Solution for Security

Category : 其他

Security access control system has become an extremely important part of security system.

The fundamental reason is that it takes the initiative to replace the passive monitor, such as CCTV, burglar alarms, to control main channels to prevent criminals from entering through normal channels, and that it is able to control access doors to deter crime or reduce losses. In recent years, GPRS access control system has been popular, applied to postal system, power supply system, banking system, residential area, hotels, etc.. It greatly improves security management efficiency.

Wireless M2M Solution for Traffic

Category : 其他

Wireless M2M Solution for Traffic

Smart Traffic is a new type of transportation of information, intelligence and socialization, making use of advanced tech, including information, communication, and control. Car satellite positioning system is quite a good example. GPRS/CDMA network could also be applied to position buses, taxies, trucks, to master the overall situation for monitor and dispatch

Wireless M2M Solution for Financial System

Category : 其他

Wireless M2M Solution for Financial System

POS (Point of Sales) real-time service system is the important base of realizing commercial automation.China’s banks have set up their own systems of cable access to POS systems, but the cable POS machines are always restricted by space and telecommunication lines, which make it hard to achieve the goal that card consumption can be quick and checked at anytime and anyplace. The access way of GPRS wireless POS machines can solve the problem that POS machines can only be used on some fixed occasions, which makes POS machines not restricted by the telecommunication, and now it has been widely accepted by customers, such as, hotels, gas companies, bus companies, highway authorities, banks, distribution centers, passenger ticketing centers, taxation departments, delivery companies, and mobile sales offices, etc.

Wireless M2M Solution for Water Conservancy

Category : 其他

Wireless M2M Solution for Water Conservancy

Hydrological station is a site to collect basic water information, the basis for hydrological work. With basin’s rapid economic growth and population growth, conflict between water supply and demand is more and more prominent.  Real-time hydrological data, collected by hydrological station, is in great demand. The use of digital video surveillance system, to collect data, image, sound, video, improves accuracy. Hydrological stations spread widely and remotely. Thus, it’s impossible to use of wired or fiber communication to delivery data. In contrast, wireless communication wiring is simple, convenient, and the cost is relatively low, saving a lot of investment. E-Lins Router series is a smart choice for hydrological application