The advantage of using wireless data transmission module... Data transmission can be simply divided into two major types: wired (including the installation of optical cables, cables or leased telecommunication lines) and wireless (including the establishment of dedicated wireless data transmission system or the borrowing of CDPD, GSM, CDMA and other public network information platforms).     In...


Industrial-grade 4G router TCP/IP network architecture 1. Layering of TCP/IP network system   TCP/IP (TransmissionControlProtocol/InternetProtocol), transmission control protocol/Internet protocol. It was developed by the defense advanced research projects agency in the 1970s, and was later integrated into UNIX and popularized. It emerged in the 1980s as the Internet's...


The structure of 4G DTU The main function of DTU is to transmit data from remote devices back to the background center via wired/wireless. Different data transmission modes of DTU include all-network-connected DTU, GPRS DTU, WIFI DTU, CAN DTU and 4G DTU. Today, we will have a look at the structure and work flow of DTU.   To complete...


What are the wireless connection technologies of the... Internet of things (iot) applications have been deeply rooted in our lives. The E-Lins H685 industrial-grade router is a small industrial-grade wireless router with single or double LAN ports. TDD/ fdd-lte, 4G, 3G, GPRS network optional. Besides, what are the wireless connectivity technologies for the Internet of things?   1....


The use of industrial wireless routers Industrial-grade wireless router adopts high performance 32-bit industrial-grade ARM9 communication processor, which is widely used in finance, electric power, postal, water conservancy, environmental protection, meteorology and other industries.   Industrial router is mainly used in intelligent transportation,...



What are the wireless connection technologies of the IoT

Category : 技术相关

Internet of things (iot) applications have been deeply rooted in our lives. The E-Lins H685 industrial-grade router is a small industrial-grade wireless router with single or double LAN ports. TDD/ fdd-lte, 4G, 3G, GPRS network optional. Besides, what are the wireless connectivity technologies for the Internet of things?


1. Ethernet


Ethernet is a LAN communication technology. The IEEE 802.3 standard, organized by the IEEE, establishes the technical standard for Ethernet. It specifies the content of the protocol including the connection of the physical layer, the electronic signal and the media access layer. Ethernet USES twisted pair cables as the transmission medium, which can cover up to 200 meters without relaying. The most popular Ethernet types have data transfer rates of 100Mb/s, while newer standards support rates of 1KMb/s and 10KMb/s.


The biggest advantage of Ethernet technology is that it is the most commonly used LAN technology and has gradually replaced other LAN standards such as token ring, FDDI and ARCNET. Now we are familiar with the Internet is all these large and small LAN connected together, the formation of a global network.


2. Serial communication technology


Serial port is a very generic interface for communication between devices and is also widely used for communication between devices and instrumentation. Common serial ports are rs-232 (using 25-pin or 9-pin connectors) and semi-duplex rs-485 and full-duplex rs-422 for industrial computer applications.


Serial communication USES serial mode for communication, that is, the serial port sends and receives byte sequences by bit. Typically, the serial port is used for the transmission of ASCII characters. Serial communication USES three wires: ground wire, sending and receiving. The serial communication can use the sending line to send data and the receiving line to receive data at the same time.


(1) Advantages


The biggest is a bit high penetration rate of serial communication, serial port to a PC or a standard, usually in order to convenient to connect printers, most of the industrial equipment has a serial port, who do not have a serial port devices, in its development, the common method is developed through a serial port to connect to the computer, so a serial port equipment is most simple and easy way to communicate.


It is also worth mentioning that the cost of serial communication is very low if the cable connecting the serial port is not considered.


(2) Disadvantages


The networking ability of serial port communication is poor. Although it is usually more stable than wireless, it is also vulnerable to the electromagnetic influence of the environment in which the cable is located in the industrial environment, resulting in unstable communication or even burnt out serial port. Serial Ethernet is still a long way off, and is generally only suitable for low speed and small data volumes.


3. Modbus


Unlike the previous communication technologies, Modbus is generally regarded as an application-layer protocol standard for serial communication, and does not include electrical specifications. Modbus was originally published by Modicon in 1979 for the use of programmable logic controller (PLC) communication. Later, three modes of Modbus RTU, Modbus ASCII and Modbus TCP were derived. The first two physical interfaces are the serial ports described above, and the latter one USES the Ethernet interface.


With the extensive application of PLC in the industrial field, Modbus has also become the most popular communication protocol in the industrial field. It adopts Master/Slave communication mode, namely one-to-many connection. One Master controller can support up to 247 Slave controllers.


(1) Advantages


The main advantages of Modbus are:

Standardization, open, free use, no license fee, no intellectual property authorization.

Supports a variety of electrical interfaces, such as serial and Ethernet interfaces, and a variety of transmission media, such as twisted pair, optical fiber, wireless, and so on.


The frame format of Modbus protocol is simple, compact and easy to understand. Easy to develop, easy to use.


(2) Disadvantages

Modbus mainly has the following problems:

Poor networking capability, only master – slave communication

Network size is limited by the number of slave controllers with poor security, no authentication and no permission management, plaintext transmission is very risky in an uncontrolled environment




GPRS stands for General Packet Radio Service. GPRS is a long communication technology between a terminal and a communications base station.


Radio services first adopted analog communication technology, which became the first generation of Mobile communication technology, and later adopted digital communication technology, known as the second generation of Mobile communication technology. Among them, Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is the most widely used and most successful. GSM is designed primarily for the transmission of voice, voice in transmission, exclusive a channel.


GPRS can be said to be a continuation of GSM. It transmits data in packet mode and does not monopolize channels. Therefore, idle channel resources on GSM can be better utilized. The transmission rate of GPRS can reach 56~114Kbps. Using this data service, users can connect to the communication base station of the telecom operator, and then connect to the Internet to obtain Internet information. Launched by the European telecommunications standards commission (ETSI), GPRS was handed over to the 3rd Generation Partnership Project, or 3GPP.


(1) Advantages


Because the coverage of GSM network signal is very wide, in fact, the area where GPRS service can be used is also very wide, which is the main advantage of GPRS technology.


Secondly, the GPRS terminal can roam freely within the signal coverage, and the developer does not need to develop any other communication equipment (the operator is responsible for it), which is convenient for users.


Finally, due to the popularity of mobile communication terminals, their costs have been greatly reduced. Therefore, the adoption of GPRS communication technology in the Internet of things has a greater advantage over Wi-Fi or ZigBee in hardware cost.


(2) Disadvantages


GPRS terminals use the infrastructure of telecom operators when communicating, so they have to pay a certain fee, namely data traffic fee, which limits a large number of devices to connect to the network.


The lower rate of GPRS is another problem.

GPRS communication quality is greatly affected by signal strength, and the communication effect is poor in areas without signal coverage or weak, which may affect the completion of service.


5. NFC

Near field communication Near field communication NFC is a short-range high-frequency radio technology, which belongs to the RFID technology. Its working frequency is 13.56MHz and its effective working distance is within 20cm. The transmission speed is 106Kb/s, 212Kb/s or 424Kb/s. Data is read and exchanged through card reader and point-to-point business model.


NFC was first developed in 2002 by Philips semiconductor, Nokia and SONY. In 2004, NFC BBS was established, dedicated to the standardization and promotion of near-field communication technology.


(1)     Advantages


NFC communication distance is very short, but the communication confidentiality is good.


NFC card no power consumption, card reader power consumption is low, can be applied to a lot of no power consumption, or low power application scenarios.


The cost of NFC solutions is low, especially the cost of NFC CARDS is very low, especially suitable for covering a large number of non-intelligent objects.


NFC communication technology is currently widely used in mobile payment and consumer electronics. For example, many mobile phones already support NFC applications, and micropayment systems such as bus CARDS all use NFC technology.


(2) Disadvantages


The NFC does not carry the risk of eavesdropping on the wireless signals of other wireless communications, but the simplicity of its NFC card and the design of its passive response are also factors of insecurity. The risk of seeing reports: that the transaction information in an NFC card, for example, could easily be read by other card readers, or even a smartphone.


In addition, short communication distance and low communication rate are also its disadvantages, which limit the NFC to be only suitable for certain iot applications.


6. LoRa


LoRa comes from the word Long Range, which is a communication technology for long-distance communication. LoRa technology, based on linear Chirp spread spectrum modulation, continues the low-power characteristics of FSK modulation, but greatly increases the communication range. Chirp spread spectrum modulation has long distance transmission and good anti-interference performance, and has been used in military and aerospace communications for many years. In extreme cases, LoRa’s single gateway or base station can cover an entire city or tens of kilometers.


(1) application scenarios of LoRa


Typical scenarios for LoRa applications include very long battery life (a few years), long-distance communication between nodes, and low rates (such as just a few data transfers per hour). As with NB-iot, low power metrics can be sacrificed to increase speed.


E-Lins Industrial router applications

Category : 技术相关

Industrial-grade routers as Internet network layer communication equipment application in all walks of life, brought a lot of convenience for our industry. “E-Lins” introduce the application of industrial router scenario analysis.


1 The self-service terminal network


E-lins industrial router networking facilitates the wireless networking and remote management of self-service terminals. Operations can be self-service equipment such as self-help harvest home, machines, payment terminal layout to any area of the wireless network coverage, such as shopping malls, neighborhood, community, etc., a substantial increase in business volume.


2 The smart grid remote video monitoring


Remote video monitoring system has been widely used in intelligent monitoring of transmission lines. The system carries out remote real-time video monitoring of transmission lines, towers and transmission substation of transmission lines. The collected real-time video image information can be transmitted to the management center through the link of industrial wireless router. Real-time monitoring of transmission line state, enhance the level of the lean production management.


3 Management of public bicycle in traffic areas


Public bike rental system includes management center, customer service sites, bike rental sites of three parts. Industrial router applications in the center of the management of communication management system, through the network operators, box rental management system with the background data forwarding, intelligent parking system and settlement system of data transmission, transfer, and the data transmission function with the other application systems.


4 Remote audio-video monitoring of driver’s license test


In order to effectively prevent accidents, control the source of safety management and regulate the driver’s license examination, the traffic management bureau of the ministry of public security has been successively implemented in various places to strengthen the management guidance of motor vehicle drivers. Cameras are installed on the driver’s license examination vehicles, and connected with the rear platform through 4G industrial router. The subjects of the driver’s test of automobiles are subject to video and audio monitoring. Print 3 randomly captured test photos on the test report card of each subject, and the test video will be kept for more than 1 year.


5 WIFI bus


WIFI bus is an important part of wisdom city. Routers through 4 g in the car industry, will be on the way of the 3 g / 4 g mobile communication base station emission signal into stable quality of network signals (such as wi-fi signals), micro letter can easily meet car passengers chat, on QQ, local news, download the APP and other mobile Internet lifestyle. Can fully support all the bus company and scheduling, scheduling, statistical analysis and other business needs; Can also support the bus video image transmission of the monitoring system, once the vehicle accident or emergency, video monitoring system can start immediately, will video transmission to the rear of the console for emergency response and scheduling platform center.


6 Intelligent express delivery cabinet


The intelligent express delivery cabinet connects and interacts with the central management platform via the operator’s 3G/4G wireless network through wireless router to realize remote management and monitoring. And through the VPN and VPDN, realize the security of the data transmission. Send and receive express real-time, liberate the workforce, the center server for data processing and integration, realizing data sharing, in order to ensure real-time and efficient express business. Real time control of the terminal all express ark centralized remote management, operation condition, reduce operating costs, improve service quality.


7 Equipment remote monitoring


Using 4 g industrial router to establish a system of numerical control machine tool remote fault diagnosis is to CNC machine tool fault diagnosis technology and the INTERNET of wireless communication technology, the combination of establishing monitoring on nc machine tools, its running status data, and in the center of the enterprise local area network and the INTERNET to establish expert diagnosis and analysis of CNC machine running status diagnosis. It can make fault diagnosis is more flexible and convenient, and can effectively improve the diagnostic accuracy and work efficiency, reduce maintenance time.


The industrial wireless router has become a magical device in the field of Internet of things M2M due to its fast transmission rate and strong stability.

IoT Applications

Category : 其他, 技术相关

According to Gartner, Inc. (a technology research and advisory corporation), there will be nearly 20.8 billion devices on the Internet of things by 2020. ABI Research estimates that more than 30 billion devices will be wirelessly connected to the Internet of things by 2020. As per a 2014 survey and study done by Pew Research Internet Project, a large majority of the technology experts and engaged Internet users who responded—83 percent—agreed with the notion that the Internet/Cloud of Things, embedded and wearable computing (and the corresponding dynamic systems) will have widespread and beneficial effects by 2025. As such, it is clear that the IoT will consist of a very large number of devices being connected to the Internet. In an active move to accommodate new and emerging technological innovation, the UK Government, in their 2015 budget, allocated £40,000,000 towards research into the Internet of things. The former British Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, posited that the Internet of things is the next stage of the information revolution and referenced the inter-connectivity of everything from urban transport to medical devices to household appliances.

Integration with the Internet implies that devices will use an IP address as a unique identifier. However, due to thelimited address space of IPv4 (which allows for 4.3 billion unique addresses), objects in the IoT will have to use IPv6to accommodate the extremely large address space required. Objects in the IoT will not only be devices with sensory capabilities, but also provide actuation capabilities (e.g., bulbs or locks controlled over the Internet). To a large extent, the future of the Internet of things will not be possible without the support of IPv6; and consequently the global adoption of IPv6 in the coming years will be critical for the successful development of the IoT in the future.

The ability to network embedded devices with limited CPU, memory and power resources means that IoT finds applications in nearly every field. Such systems could be in charge of collecting information in settings ranging from natural ecosystems to buildings and factories, thereby finding applications in fields of environmental sensing and urban planning.

On the other hand, IoT systems could also be responsible for performing actions, not just sensing things. Intelligent shopping systems, for example, could monitor specific users’ purchasing habits in a store by tracking their specific mobile phones. These users could then be provided with special offers on their favorite products, or even location of items that they need, which their fridge has automatically conveyed to the phone. Additional examples of sensing and actuating are reflected in applications that deal with heat, electricity and energy management, as well as cruise-assisting transportation systems. Other applications that the Internet of things can provide is enabling extended home security features and home automation. The concept of an “Internet of living things” has been proposed to describe networks of biological sensorsthat could use cloud-based analyses to allow users to study DNA or other molecules.

However, the application of the IoT is not only restricted to these areas. Other specialized use cases of the IoT may also exist. An overview of some of the most prominent application areas is provided here. Based on the application domain, IoT products can be classified broadly into five different categories: smart wearable, smart home, smart city, smart environment, and smart enterprise. The IoT products and solutions in each of these markets have different characteristics.


Nokia #India announces #5G #IoT for #SmartCities

Category : 其他, 技术相关

The Finnish company showcased more than 60 different use-cases of these technologies at its annual Innovation Day in Bengaluru, including those that are already live and ready for use as well as ones that aren’t live yet.

Nokia’s research and development office in Bengaluru, which has around 5,000 employees, creates solutions for both its Indian and international markets. Its new IoT range, though, will focus more on Indian clients, especially governments.

“5G and IoT are going to be the future trends that we see in the marketplace. While from an India standpoint it’s still an early stage for 5G to happen, IoT is taking a bit of a step forward in terms of adoption here,” Randeep Raina, chief technology officer for Nokia India said in an interview on Wednesday.

“There are certain initiatives led by the government right now in the form of digital India and smart city programs. IoT could be one of the enablers to make cities a bit safer and smarter. It’s with that intent that we’d put a theme out here on this innovation day,” he said.

The three main solutions, or use-cases, showcased by the company on Wednesday were video analytics of real-time city surveillance, a public safety service that can be deployed at railroad crossings and a smart parking service.

Based on real-time city surveillance via cameras deployed at various public locations Nokia’s IoT solution will be able to provide clients – mostly governments and policing authorities – with data analysis. The analysis includes everything from identifying anomalies, such as incorrect pedestrian crossings, to tracking traffic patterns.

Its public safety solution uses sensors, beacons and cameras and is aimed at keeping pedestrians from straying across the path of oncoming trains at railroad crossings. This service will both warn people crossing railroads on foot of an oncoming train as well as alert the authorities and issue notice of a fine in case people cross even after receiving a warning. The warning messages will appear on any device using any service provider and are not app-based, i.e. the user will not need to install an app to see the messages.

Nokia’s smart parking solution will target organized parking lots that can use it to fully automate the process – from identifying a car on entry and guiding the driver to free parking spots through an app, to recording the number of hours a car is parked at the lot and bill payment online via the app.

Roughly two months ago, auto components supplier Bosch Ltd also launched solutions targeted at creating smart cities, including a smart parking service that will help commuters find space in crowded areas. The German company has other similar solutions that are, again, aimed at assisting traffic policing and citizen safety and security systems.

M2M Magazine