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由哪个工业路由器负责与核心系统进行可达信息通信?   应该由哪个工业路由器负责与核心系统进行可达信息的通信呢?这个难题是来自于我们仅仅考虑了互连网络选路体系结构而没有考虑管理机构的作用。在全网工业级路由器主干网的网点可以具有复杂的本地结构的情况下,由于网络和工业级路由器都在单独的管理机构控制之下,这个机构就要负责保证其内部的工业无线路由器路由信息的一致性和可用性。另外,管理机构还要选择其内部的一台机器负责向外界提供网络的可达信息。由于工业级4G路由器R2、R3和R4处于同一管理机构的控制之下,管理机构指定R3来通告网络2、3、4的可达信息(我们认为核心系统早就知道网络1的情况,因为有一个核心工业路由器直接与之相连)。4g路由器   从选路的角度来说,处于一个管理机构控制之下的网络和工业级无线路由器群组称为一个自治系统。在一个自治系统内的路由器可以自由地选择寻找路由、广播路由、确认路由以及检测路由的一致性的机制。在这样的定义下,核心工业级路由器自己也构成一个自治系统。我们说过原先的Internet网的核心路由器使用GGP来进行通信,而后来改为使用SPREAD。这个改变并不影响其他的全网通工业路由器自治系统。   为了能通过Internet到达隐藏在自治系统中的网络,每个自治系统必须把自己工业级全网通路由器的网络可达信息传播给其他自治。虽然在核心体系结构中可以把全网通工业路由器路由通告送给任一个自治系统,但是每个自治系统有必要把自己的信息传送给某个核心工业路由器。有可能存在若干工业级无线路由器,每个负责通知一个网络子集合。   我们对自治系统的定义可能有点含糊不清,但是在实践中自治系统之间的划分必须区分严格,以便于使用自动选路算法。例如,一个自治系统属于某个公司,它可能不会选择这样的工业级4G路由器路由,把工业4G路由器分组转发到与之直接相连的但属于另一个公司的某个自治系统。为了让自动选路算法能区分各个自治系统,各自治系统被赋予一个自治系统编号(autonomous...

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路由转发协议和选择协议是相互配合又相互独立的概念   当IP子网中的一台主机发送IP分组给同一IP子网的另一台主机时,它将直接把IP分组送到网络上,对方就能收到。而要送给不同IP于网上的主机时,它要选择一个能到达目的子网上的路由器,把IP分组送给该工业路由器,由路由器负责把IP分组送到目的地。如果没有找到这样的工业路由器,主机就把IP分组送给一个称为“缺省网关(default...

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工业路由器信息安全风险分析+执行策略+系统实施+漏洞监测+实时响应   1、 工业4G路由器信息安全的五个属性及其含义。   (1)机密性:是指确保只有那些被授予特定权限的人才能够访问到信息。(2)完整性:是指保证信息和处理方法的正确性和完整性。(3)可用性:指确保那些已被授权的用户在他们需要的时候,确定可以访问得到所需要的信息。(4)不可否认性:工业全网路由器信息的不可否认性也称抗抵赖,不可抵赖性,是传统的不可否认需求在信息社会的延伸。(5)可控性:指...

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工业路由器防火墙的局限性和什么是物理隔离   防火墙的局限性。4g路由器   (1)防火墙只能防范经过全网通工业级路由器防火墙的攻击。没有经过全网通工业路由器防火墙的数据,防火墙不能检查。   (2)防火墙防外不防内。   (3)防火墙由于在配置和管理上比较复杂,所以容易造成全网工业路由器安全漏洞。   (4)防火墙无法防范病毒,抵御数据驱动式的攻击。   (5)防火墙不能防止利用标准网络协议中的缺陷以及服务器系统的漏洞进行的攻击。   (6)防火墙不能防止全网工业级路由器本身的安全漏洞的威胁。   4g无线路由器:什么是物理隔离。中国电子政务网之间与外网之间是什么关系。全网路由器物理隔离是指内外网络在物理上是完全独立、断开的,没有任何物理连接,但在逻辑上则保持连接,能够进行适度的数据交换。关系:电子政务内网和电子政务外网之间是物理隔离,电子政务外网与公网之间是逻辑隔离。物理隔离的原理1正常情况下,全网通路由器隔离设备和外网、隔离设备和内网、外网和内网之间是完全断开的。隔离设备可以理解为纯粹的存储介质和一个单纯的物理隔离控制设备。2当外网需要有数据到达内网的时候,以电子邮件为例,外部的服务器立即发起对工业4G路由器隔离设备的非TCP/IP的数据连接,隔离设备将所有的协议剥离,将原始的数据写入存储介质。根据不同的应用,可能有必要对数据进行完整性和安全性检查,如防病毒和恶意代码等。3一旦数据完全写入隔离设备的存储设备,隔离控制设备立即中断与外网的连接。转而发起对工业级4G路由器内网的非TCP的数据连接。隔离设备将存储设备内的数据推向内网。内网收到数据后,立即进行TCP/IP的封装和应用协议的封装,并交给应用系统。在工业路由器隔离控制设备收到数据传输结束的消息后,隔离设备立即切断隔离设备与内网的直接连接。这时整个网络又重新恢复到完全隔离状态。4如果这时内网有电子邮件要发出,隔离控制设备收到内网建立过接的请求后,建立与工业级路由器内网之间的非TCP/IP的数据连接。隔离设备剥离所有的TCP/IP和应用协议,得到原始的数据,将数据写入隔离设备的存储介质。如果有必要,就对其进行防病毒处理和防恶意代码检查,然后中断与双卡路由器内网的直接连接。   标签:无线路由器  ...

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SIMATICNET工业以太网具有哪些特点?   在任何一个自动化系统中,通讯都是非常重要的一个环节。在制造自动化和过程控制中,必须要保证通讯的无故障化。工业路由器网络或通讯中的故障可能导致整个系统的瘫痪。系统中断必然会引起很高的成本开销。因此,要尽量避免通讯和网络故障。4g路由器   SIMATICNET工业以太网具有下列特点,可以满足上述要求:   •满足EN50082-2标准中所要求的对干扰的免疫性   •可以对工业级路由器网络中的元件提供24VDC冗余   •可以检测信号错误   •可为低水平工业进行扩展   •满足EMC条件   •冗余网络结构   冗余网络结构可保证网络底层的工作稳定性,即使网络发生了错误。在自动化,尤其是过程控制中,更要求工业4G路由器系统有较高的适应性,通过使用高端的终端设备可以达到此要求。4g路由器   环形冗余   仅仅通过使用附加的电缆,就可以将工业级4G路由器网络构建成环型,从而获得效率高且经济的冗余网络。如果网络主动元件实效或电缆断路时,网络只需花费几毫秒的时间进行自主配置。因此,可以避免在昂贵的生产线中发生工业4G无线路由器网络故障。SIMATICNET环型冗余网络可以用光纤和双绞线构建,传输速率可达工业以太网标准。   信号传输原理   信号传输原理实现了一种简单且非常经济的手段对网络进行监视。尤其是对冗余网络非常有效。由于介质冗余,工业级4G无线路由器通讯连续性和传输路径这些错误很难被发现,会导致在后续的通讯中出现网络完全瘫痪。如果使用DIN星型连接器OLM,所有的主动4G工业路由器工业以太网网络元件共同形成了为信号接触器。通过4G路由器网络元件的共同配合,提供了24VDC可以对各元件或网络做出不同状态的信号指示。这些指示也可以3G无线路由器连接至HMI系统(比如WinCC)。这样,在故障发生后,所有的错误都可以被及时的修复。除了信号接触器外,网络元件也可以安装LEDs,以显示不同的状态。   网络管理   在很多情况下,都是通过信号接触器来对FDD-LTE路由器网络进行监视。但并不是所有场合都适合用信号接触器来监控网络,尤其是大型,多分支网络以及无法读取数字信号的终端设备。   因此,SIMATICNET带有网络管理功能,通过新型的OSM/ESM(光电转换模块/电气转换模块)可以对网络TDD-LTE路由器进行管理,监测和诊断。   标签:4g无线路由器   ...

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路由器工业级与民用级的区别

文章目录 : 产品文章

1、选料:电阻、电容、IC等器件都比民用级的好很多,级别完全不一样;如果是军工级别的那更高了;
2、金属外壳,防干扰,不易损坏;
3、稳定性、可靠性高(包括断线重拔,保持永远在线),民用级断线一般不重拔; 不易死机 (民用级的容易死机,或者假死);
4、3G/4G工业级用的模块,是独立模块,稳定性和可靠性同集成的相比要好很多的,而民用级的都是集成芯片,性能比独立的差很多。

A Quick Understanding of FTP/SFTP/FTPS/TFTP

文章目录 : 伊林思产品FAQ, 其他, 技术相关

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used for the transfer of computer files from a server to a client using the Client–server model on a computer network.

FTP is built on a client-server model architecture and uses separate control and data connections between the client and the server. FTP users may authenticate themselves with a clear-text sign-in protocol, normally in the form of a username and password, but can connect anonymously if the server is configured to allow it. For secure transmission that protects the username and password, and encrypts the content, FTP is often secured with SSL/TLS (FTPS). SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) is sometimes also used instead; it is technologically different.

 

SSH File Transfer Protocol(SFTP)

The SSH file transfer protocol (chronologically the second of the two protocols abbreviated SFTP) transfers files and has a similar command set for users, but uses the Secure Shell protocol (SSH) to transfer files. Unlike FTP, it encrypts both commands and data, preventing passwords and sensitive information from being transmitted openly over the network. It cannot interoperate with FTP software.

In computing, the SSH File Transfer Protocol (also Secure File Transfer Protocol, or SFTP) is a network protocol that provides file access, file transfer, and file management over any reliable data stream. It was designed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) as an extension of the Secure Shell protocol (SSH) version 2.0 to provide secure file transfer capabilities. The IETF Internet Draft states that, even though this protocol is described in the context of the SSH-2 protocol, it could be used in a number of different applications, such as secure file transfer over Transport Layer Security (TLS) and transfer of management information in VPN applications.

This protocol assumes that it is run over a secure channel, such as SSH, that the server has already authenticated the client, and that the identity of the client user is available to the protocol.

Simple File Transfer Protocol

Simple File Transfer Protocol (the first protocol abbreviated SFTP), as defined by RFC 913, was proposed as an (unsecured) file transfer protocol with a level of complexity intermediate between TFTP and FTP. It was never widely accepted on the Internet, and is now assigned Historic status by the IETF. It runs through port 115, and often receives the initialism of SFTP. It has a command set of 11 commands and support three types of data transmission: ASCII, binary and continuous. For systems with a word size that is a multiple of 8 bits, the implementation of binary and continuous is the same. The protocol also supports login with user ID and password, hierarchical folders and file management (including rename, delete, upload, download, download with overwrite, and download with append).

FTPS

Explicit FTPS is an extension to the FTP standard that allows clients to request FTP sessions to be encrypted. This is done by sending the “AUTH TLS” command. The server has the option of allowing or denying connections that do not request TLS. This protocol extension is defined in RFC 4217. Implicit FTPS is an outdated standard for FTP that required the use of a SSL or TLS connection. It was specified to use different ports than plain FTP.

Trivial File Transfer Protocol(TFTP)

Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is a simple, lock-step FTP that allows a client to get a file from or put a file onto a remote host. One of its primary uses is in the early stages of booting from a local area network, because TFTP is very simple to implement. TFTP lacks security and most of the advanced features offered by more robust file transfer protocols such as File Transfer Protocol. TFTP was first standardized in 1981 and the current specification for the protocol can be found in RFC 1350.

 

 (Information collected from Wekipedia)

E-Lins Antenna Catalog

文章目录 : 产品文章, 其他

Usually magnetic antenna is used for our 3G/4G routers. It has 3dbi, 5dbi, 7dbi, 9dbi and 11dbi. 3dbi is in standard packing, if router will be applied in rural place, high gain antenna is for optional.

 

wifi吸盘1

Sometimes, you don’t want this long antenna with cable, you also can choose rubber antenna, which is small and powerful.

rubber-antenna1

We also have wall mounted antenna, panel antenna, glass fiber antenna and so on, for further information, please check:

http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/E-Lins_Antenna_Catalog.pdf

E-Lins FAQ — POE

文章目录 : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 其他, 技术相关

Q: Does your router support POE option? How does it work?

A: Yes, E-lins H685 series, H700 series and H720 series routers support POE option.

It works as following chart.

POE

 

Antenna Gain

文章目录 : 其他

For a better understanding about antenna gain, you can go through this article.

Antenna gain is often quoted with respect to a hypothetical antenna that radiates equally in all directions, an isotropic radiator. This gain, when measured in decibels, is called dBi. Conservation of energy dictates that high gain antennas must have narrow beams. For example, if a high gain antenna makes a 1 watt transmitter look like a 100 watt transmitter, then the beam can cover at most 1/100 of the sky (otherwise the total amount of energy radiated in all directions would sum to more than the transmitter power, which is not possible). In turn this implies that high-gain antennas must be physically large, since according to the diffraction limit, the narrower the beam desired, the larger the antenna must be (measured in wavelengths).

Antenna gain can also be measured in dBd, which is gain in Decibels compared to the maximum intensity direction of a half wave dipole. In the case of Yagi type aerials this more or less equates to the gain one would expect from the aerial under test minus all its directors and reflector. It is important not to confuse dBi and dBd; the two differ by 2.15 dB, with the dBi figure being higher, since a dipole has 2.15 db of gain with respect to an isotropic antenna.

Gain is also dependent on the number of elements and the tuning of those elements. Antennas can be tuned to be resonant over a wider spread of frequencies but, all other things being equal, this will mean the gain of the aerial is lower than one tuned for a single frequency or a group of frequencies. For example, in the case of wideband TV antennas the fall off in gain is particularly large at the bottom of the TV transmitting band. In the UK this bottom third of the TV band is known as group A, see gain graph comparing grouped aerials to a wideband aerial of the same size/model.

Other factors may also affect gain such as aperture (the area the antenna collects signal from, almost entirely related to the size of the antenna but for small antennas can be increased by adding a ferrite rod), and efficiency (again, affected by size, but also resistivity of the materials used and impedance matching). These factors are easy to improve without adjusting other features of the antennas or coincidentally improved by the same factors that increase directivity, and so are typically not emphasized.

E-Lins router has stardard 3dbi cellular antenna. This is enough for normal use. If you want to put it in rural place or place with bad reception, it’s better to get a high gain antenna.

Orange helps Sensile Tech monitor Oil & Gas with M2M

文章目录 : 其他, 技术相关

About Sensile Technologies

Sensile Technologies is a forerunner in the Internet of Things (IoT) market and a leading provider of solutions for remote monitoring of tank levels for the oil and propane industry. Founded in 1999 and based in Morges, Switzerland, Sensile Technologies has extensive experience in high-quality product development and production as well as reliable service and support. They are an innovative company with four world premieres under their belt. All of their products are Swiss made and certified for hazardous environments.

 

About Orange Business Services

Orange Business Services, the Orange branch dedicated to B2B services, is not only a telecom operator, but also an IT solutions integrator and applications developer in France and around the world. Its 20,000 employees support companies in all areas of their digital transformation: mobile and collaborative workspaces; IT/cloud infrastructure; fixed and mobile connectivity; private and hybrid networks; applications for Internet of Things, 360° customer experience and Big Data analytics; and cybersecurity thanks to dedicated experts and infrastructure to protect information systems. More than 3,000 multinational organizations and 2 million SOHOs, enterprises and local authorities in France rely on Orange Business Services as their trusted partner.

 

Orange is one of the world’s leading telecommunications operators with annual sales of 40 billion euros in 2015 and has 155,000 employees worldwide at 31 March 2016. Orange is listed on the NYSE Euronext Paris (symbol ORA) and on the New York Stock Exchange (symbol ORAN).

Orange and any other Orange product or service names included in this material are trademarks of Orange or Orange Brand Services Limited.

 

 

Orange Business Services has won a three-year contract with Sensile Technologies for M2M connectivity, including 25,000 SIM cards, to support its two remote monitoring products worldwide: NETRIS®2 and GASLink®

Headquartered in Morges, Switzerland, Sensile Technologies is a pioneer in the internet of things (IoT) market. Specifically, it is a leading provider of solutions for the remote monitoring of tanks and meters in the oil and gas industry. Sensile Technologies monitors more than 60,000 tanks in industrial and business facilities across 60 countries, via a global network of highly-qualified technicians and local partners.

Up to now, Sensile Technologies used 2G compatible devices to power its telemetry solutions. The contract with Orange Business Services extends this to cover 3G/4G devices, which future-proofs the solutions against 2G network shutdown and ensures seamless global coverage.

Sensile Technologies’ telemetry solutions, GASLink® and NETRIS®2, play a key role in the monitoring process. They are installed directly in the oil or propane tank and regularly send tank level measurements via the GSM network to the cloud, where the data is automatically processed.

The up-to-date tank level data allows oil and propane merchants – and their haulers – to arrange deliveries automatically via planning tools. They get data directly in their enterprise resource planning (ERP) system from Sensile Technologies’ Oil Link cloud solution to trigger deliveries automatically. In addition, their customers can get access on smartphones to monitor consumption.

Thanks to the optimization of deliveries based on live data, merchants and haulers can lower their logistics costs by at least 25 percent, without the risk of customers running dry. In addition to mitigating the risk of running out of fuel, customers are also able to access a detailed visualization and analysis of their logistics, enabling them to adapt their processes to reduce their costs further.

“Leading oil and propane companies rely on our autonomous, robust, and easy to install systems. We have more than 60,000 in place on tanks in over 60 countries. Orange Business Services has proven itself as a reliable partner with the global footprint we need for our business. Their competitive flat-fee pricing was convincing as well,” said Jean-Marc Uehlinger, Operational Director, Sensile Technologies.

“With its telemetry solutions Sensile Technologies is helping drive the latest revolution in industry. In Industry 4.0 every part of the enterprise and each phase of the manufacturing cycle will be connected. The internet of things (IoT) and M2M play a key part in this revolution, and we manage 10 million connected objects for our customers worldwide, including over 7 million active SIM cards,” Anne-Sophie Lotgering, senior vice president Europe, Russia & CIS, Orange Business Services.

GASLink® and NETRIS®2 are the result of 15 years’ experience from Sensile Technologies in the development and production of autonomous telemetry equipment. In addition to using the 2G (SMS) network to transmit data, NETRIS®2 can also use 3G or 4G, as well as create a short-distance radio frequency connection, which functions in every location.

PPPoE–Point-to-point protocol over Ethernet

文章目录 : 其他, 技术相关

The Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) is a network protocol for encapsulating PPP frames inside Ethernet frames. It appeared in 1999, in the context of the boom of DSL as the solution for tunneling packet sover the DSL connection to the ISP’s IP network, and from there to the rest of the Internet. A 2005 networking book noted that “Most DSL providers use PPPoE, which provides authentication, encryption, and compression.” Typical use of PPPoE involves leveraging the PPP facilities for authenticating the user with a username and password, predominately via the PAP protocol and less often via CHAP.

On the customer-premises equipment, PPPoE may be implemented either in a unified residential gateway device that handles both DSL modem and IP routing functions or in the case of a simple DSL modem (without routing support), PPPoE may be handled behind it on a separate Ethernet-only router or even directly on a user’s computer. (Support for PPPoE is present in most operating systems, ranging from Windows XP, Linux to Mac OS X.) More recently, some GPON-based (instead of DSL-based) residential gateways also use PPPoE, although the status of PPPoE in the GPON standards is marginal.

PPPoE was developed by UUNET, Redback Networks (now Ericsson) and RouterWare (now Wind River Systems) and is available as an informational RFC 2516.

In the world of DSL, PPPoE was commonly understood to be running on top of ATM (or DSL) as the underlying transport, although no such limitation exists in the PPPoE protocol itself. Other usage scenarios are sometimes distinguished by tacking as a suffix another underlying transport. For example, PPPoEoE, when the transport is Ethernet itself, as in the case of Metro Ethernet networks. (In this notation, the original use of PPPoE would be labeled PPPoEoA, although it should not be confused with PPPoA, which is a different encapsulation protocol.)

PPPoE has been described in some books as a “layer 2.5″ protocol, in some rudimentary sense similar to MPLS because it can be used to distinguish different IP flows sharing an Ethernet infrastructure, although the lack of PPPoE switches making routing decision based on PPPoE headers limits applicability in that respect.

Differences between industrial class and SOHO class for Router / Modem

文章目录 : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 技术相关

As we know, the devices mainly cover three classes, that is SOHO class, Industrial class and Military class.  Each class has its own application requirement. The SOHO class modem and router don’t meet the requirements of the industrial environment and standard entirely because of it is designed for office automation. Mainly differences are the below,

1. Control
The SOHO class is simple design for internet use. People no need control it very often.
The industrial class is designed mainly for industry applications. People need control it quite often, even 7*24 hours.

2. Stable, reliable and robust
SOHO class features are simply. It is mainly used for internet surfing, which is installed in house. People can check and assist it in time. With cost requirement, SOHO class design and development will not care too much for the stability and reliability. The industrial class cares the stability and reliability very much because it’s mainly installed under people’ touch. In another world, it should be working for 7*24 hours without people assist. So the industrial class must have good reliability, recoverability, and maintainability in the production environment at the same time. It is a guarantee that it will not lead the collapse of applications, operating system even the network when any component failure occurs in a network system.

3. The security issues
Lots of fields exist inflammable, explosive or toxic gases inevitably in the process of industrial production, and there must have some certain explosion-proof technology for the intelligent devices and communication equipment which can ensure the safety of industrial field. It is much more practical to add explosion-proof and explosion-proof measures in the Ethernet system under the condition of current technology, namely the ignition energy which caused by the devices problem will not leak through increasing explosion-proof measures to the Ethernet field devices, which can ensure the safety of running system. For those dangerous situation where is no strict safety requirements, you can not consider complex explosion-proof measures.

The network safety of industrial system is another security issue must be considered at the industrial Ethernet applications. Industrial Ethernet can make the traditional three layers of the network system, namely, information management layer, process monitoring layer and field equipment layer, an organic whole, which make the faster data transfer, higher real-time and it can integrate with the Internet seamlessly, it realizes data sharing and improves the operational efficiency of the factory. But there is a series of network security problems at the same time, industrial network may under the threat of virus infection, hackers and illegal operation.

4. The vehicle power supply issues
The vehicle power supply refers to the cable connected to the field devices not only to transmit data signals, but also provide equipment working power supply on-site. The Ethernet hasn’t considered this issue from the design at the beginning, while there are a lot of bus power supply requirements on the industrial site. Because of the above problems, the ordinary commercial Ethernet cannot be applied to the control of industrial field directly. And the industrial Ethernet is produced to solve these problems.

 

5. Features and performance
The industrial class owns much more features and SOHO class, such as connection alive monitor and keeping, Dual Sim connection, multi-line redundancy, GPS, Serial ports, VPN networks, high gain and special antenna replacement, etc.

Wire Your Home or Business Right with a 4G Wifi Router

文章目录 : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 技术相关

Now, network is a neccesity in our lives. When we are at home or office, we are tend to use wifi for better internet surfing experience.

wireless router is designed to amplify the signal sent out into a home or office so devices, such as tablets and smartphones, can connect to the internet without the benefit of hardwiring. A 4G modem with fast capabilities is the preferred choice for many home and business owners these days.

GSM modem might be all that is required to connect to the internet, but a modem router that offers wireless capabilities takes access to the next level. Transforming a home or office into a hub for wireless communication takes specialized equipment, such as a VPN router or 4G wifi router. At E-Lins, we specialize in all the equipment required to m2m, power smartphones, computers, tablets and other devices, such as security systems. It is our aim to offer the best router price points available so our clients can easily transform their homes or businesses into “smart” properties.

When a 4G wifi router is installed in a home or business (e.g. wireless M2M solutions), users gain a number of benefits. Firstly, these devices enable any internet ready device the ability to connect. Plus, they also make it much easier for users to manage a diversity of equipment. In addition, a VPN router that is properly set up enables users to secure their internet connections to provide more peace of mind for online activities.

Transforming a home or office into a hub for wifi connectivity requires specialized equipment. E-Lins is dedicated to providing our customers with everything they need at highly competitive pricing. Just browse our selection today to find the modems or routers needed to transform your home or workspace into a wifi hub.

Nokia #India announces #5G #IoT for #SmartCities

文章目录 : 其他, 技术相关

The Finnish company showcased more than 60 different use-cases of these technologies at its annual Innovation Day in Bengaluru, including those that are already live and ready for use as well as ones that aren’t live yet.

Nokia’s research and development office in Bengaluru, which has around 5,000 employees, creates solutions for both its Indian and international markets. Its new IoT range, though, will focus more on Indian clients, especially governments.

“5G and IoT are going to be the future trends that we see in the marketplace. While from an India standpoint it’s still an early stage for 5G to happen, IoT is taking a bit of a step forward in terms of adoption here,” Randeep Raina, chief technology officer for Nokia India said in an interview on Wednesday.

“There are certain initiatives led by the government right now in the form of digital India and smart city programs. IoT could be one of the enablers to make cities a bit safer and smarter. It’s with that intent that we’d put a theme out here on this innovation day,” he said.

The three main solutions, or use-cases, showcased by the company on Wednesday were video analytics of real-time city surveillance, a public safety service that can be deployed at railroad crossings and a smart parking service.

Based on real-time city surveillance via cameras deployed at various public locations Nokia’s IoT solution will be able to provide clients – mostly governments and policing authorities – with data analysis. The analysis includes everything from identifying anomalies, such as incorrect pedestrian crossings, to tracking traffic patterns.

Its public safety solution uses sensors, beacons and cameras and is aimed at keeping pedestrians from straying across the path of oncoming trains at railroad crossings. This service will both warn people crossing railroads on foot of an oncoming train as well as alert the authorities and issue notice of a fine in case people cross even after receiving a warning. The warning messages will appear on any device using any service provider and are not app-based, i.e. the user will not need to install an app to see the messages.

Nokia’s smart parking solution will target organized parking lots that can use it to fully automate the process – from identifying a car on entry and guiding the driver to free parking spots through an app, to recording the number of hours a car is parked at the lot and bill payment online via the app.

Roughly two months ago, auto components supplier Bosch Ltd also launched solutions targeted at creating smart cities, including a smart parking service that will help commuters find space in crowded areas. The German company has other similar solutions that are, again, aimed at assisting traffic policing and citizen safety and security systems.

M2M Magazine  http://www.machinetomachinemagazine.com/2016/12/15/nokia-india-announces-5g-iot-for-smartcities/