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The similarities and differences between industrial... 1. definition of industrial 4G router and industrial switch   Industrial 4G router:   Industrial 4G router is a network device responsible for path finding. It provides users with communication by finding the least communication from multiple paths in the interconnection network. Industrial 4G router...

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4g router features of E-lins Technology With the development of new communication technologies and the continuous improvement of network efficiency and function of wireless communication, 4G has been widely used. 4G industrial-grade wireless routers are playing an increasingly important role in the applications of various industries, and the price is getting...

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E-Lins Industrial router applications Industrial-grade routers as Internet network layer communication equipment application in all walks of life, brought a lot of convenience for our industry. "E-Lins" introduce the application of industrial router scenario analysis.   1 The self-service terminal network   E-lins industrial router networking...

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Classification of 4G industrial routers There are many types of 4G industrial routers, which can be divided into different categories from different perspectives. Different types of 4G industrial routers can be used in different environments. The following sections classify the 4G industrial routers from different perspectives. According to the performance From...

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Dual SIM Router vs. Dual Radio Router Projects are looking to save their enterprises time and money ask us this very often: “When would I need to use dual SIMs, and in what situations should I consider dual radio dual sim router?” In order to make this clear, let’s take a quick look at the dual SIM and dual SIM dual radio module functionality. Dual...

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Embeded module MC73xx

Category : 其他

AirPrime MC73XX and EM73XX embedded modules deliver high speed, LTE connectivity for integration into smaller, thinner devices. Available in both MC (PCI Express Mini Card) and EM (PCI Express M.2) form factors, these modules feature multi-operator support, allowing PC OEMs to address worldwide markets, and for end-customers to choose or change their network providers without purchasing new devices.

The MC7355 /EM7355 is built for North America, the MC7305 / EM7305 for Europe, and the MC7330 / EM7330 for Japan.

Air Interface LTE
HSPA+
GSM
GPRS
EDGE
CDMA (MC7355 only)
Peak Download Rate 100 Mbps
Peak Upload Rate 50 Mbps
Regulatory Approvals MC/EM7355: FCC, PTCRB, CDG, NCC
MC/EM7305: CE, GCF, NCC
MC/Em7330: JATE/TELEC
Carrier Approvals Planned: AT&T, Verizon, Sprint, Telstra, Vodafone, NTT Docomo
USB USB 2.0 High Speed
Flash LED Output Yes
SIM Interface 1.8V or 3V
Antenna Diversity Yes
Location Solution A-GPS
GPS XTRA
Glonass
Standalone GPS
Management Services No
Host OS Compatibility Windows 8
Windows 7
Linux
Device Dimensions MC: 51 x 30 x 2.75mm
EM: 42 x 30 x 2.3mm
Temperature Range -25°C to +60°C

Version for Industrial Class Cellular Mobile Modem

Category : 其他

Nowadays wireless mobile modem and serial to gateway modem become an important part of wireless M2M system.

Mobile Modems contain different version.

1. GPRS Modem – Back compatible to GSM

2. EDGE Modem – Back compatible to GPRS/GSM

3. CDMA Modem – Back compatible

4. HSDPA Modem – Back compatible to EDGE/GPRS/GSM

5. HSUPA Modem – Back compatible to HSDP/EDGE/GPRS/GSM

6. HSPA Modem – Back compatible to HSUPA/HSDPA/EDGE/GPRS/GSM

7. HSPA+ Modem – Back compatible to HSPA/HSUPA/HSDP/EDG/GPRS/GSM

8. EV-DO Modem – Back compatible to CDMA1x

9. 4G LTE modem – Back compatible to 3G/2G

Interface: RS232 or USB or RS485 or RS422 or TTL

Speed and bandwidth of networks

Category : 其他

As we know, there are different types of networks for mobile networks.  Here we list the speed to compare,

GPRS Downlink 85.6 kbps, Uplink 42.8 kbps
CDMA Downlink/Uplink 153.6kbps
EDGE Downlink 236.8 kbps, Uplink 118 kbps
UMTS Downlink/Uplink 384 kbps
HSDPA Downlink 7.2 Mbps, Uplink 384k bps
HSUPA Downlink 7.2Mbps, Uplink 5.76Mbps
HSPA+ Downlink 21/42Mbps, Uplink 5.76Mbps
EVDO Rev0 2.4Mbps downlink, 153.6kbps uplink
EVDO RevA 3.1Mbps downlink, 2.4Mbps uplink
EVDO RevB 14.7Mbps downlink, 5.4Mbps uplink
TD-SCDMA 2.8Mbps
4G LTE 100Mbps downlink, 50Mbps uplink

Mobile Data Networks Understanding 2.5G vs 3G vs 4G

Category : 其他

Real 4G comes? Let’s understand what real 4g and fake 4g.

Some people call HSPA+ as 4G, actually there is a real definition of 4G networks.

Ever since Some carriers launched their HSPA+ 4G data services in some countries a lot of people have been saying “it’s not ‘real’ 4G”. But what is ‘real’ 4G anyway? Who decides what 4G ‘is’? Let’s look at the mobile networks that have been deployed, from GPRS 2G to 4G HSPA+.

Just to answer the question of who controls the classification “4G” – the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), a body created under the United Nations regulates the global telecommunications industry. One of the core mandates of the ITU is to establish worldwide telecommunications standards, and they determine the official classification (2G/3G/4G) of mobile data networks such as GPRS, EDGE, HSPA+, WiMAX, etc.

The Best Wireless Router for Industrial

Category : 其他

Buying the right wireless router is a real task, sometimes. With the new 802.11ac standard floating around in the wings, and a seeming endless line of variations in routers, which one is best for you? I think it is E-lins H685 Industrial router.
industrial router
As far as security, you’ll find WEP, WPA, WPA2, and WPA2-Enterprise protecting your network with everything backed up by a Qualcomm chipset.Four band,High speed! Support VPN: PPTP, L2TP, IPSec, GRE, Tunnel (PPTP client, L2TP client, IPSec client, IPsec server),Support RS232 or RS485 port.Welcome to our website to know more!

4 reasons why 4G hasn’t scale up in India

Category : 其他

4 reasons why 4G hasn’t scale up in India
One,Challenges for deploying 2300 MHz TD-LTE: The spectrum band licensed for BWA in India (TD-LTE on 2,300 MHz) has only been deployed in around 20 countries including Hong Kong, Australia and South Africa; the band lacks ecosystem support, device choices and network scale. Of the overall 1,000 devices launched by manufacturers for LTE, only 100 are suitable for the mode licensed in India. As a result, Indian operators have had to consider offering LTE services to a Wi-Fi router which in turn connects Wi-Fi-ready devices. The band is also weaker in offering in-building coverage compared to other modes of LTE.
Two, Better backhaul: Backhaul connections currently lack the coverage and quality required to render 4G services effective. Without the backhaul service to carry data at the same speed, the benefit of the 100 mbps connectivity offered by 4G cannot be realised by the end user. Over the last few years, Indian operators have invested heavily in rolling out fibre; we are now beginning to see scale and agreements falling into place.
Three, Combining data with voice: The advantage of offering super-high-speed data connectivity bundled with mobile voice is that the 4G service needn’t have to compete directly with fixed alternatives on price alone. Telecom regulations now allow an entity to hold a universal access licence to offer mobile voice. So, provided the BWA player has access to voice spectrum, it can now bundle high speed data and voice together.

Four,Capital constraints: A number of operators have put priority on deploying 3G first, due to capital and management constraints. And, in general, India’s capex to sales ratio has come down to 12-14 percent, while it is 22-25 percent for other emerging Asian countries such as China.

Industrial LTE Router For Secure M2M Communication

Category : 其他, 技术相关

E-Lins  has expanded it’s M2M router  in  LTE. This router solutions for LAN-WAN , GPRS , UMTS and LTE now available .

E-Lins Industrial LTE router is a high- performance router for industrial use , which can be sensitive data securely via cellular networks. The integrated firewall and VPN support protect your application secure from unauthorized access. If LTE is not available, the system automatically switches to UMTS / GPRS / EDGE.In addition, the data connection and the mobile network quality to be monitored. If necessary, a message is sent or rebuilt the cellular connection.The configuration of the router via the built-in web server, or XML files in the remote mode.

Other important features are:

Supply voltage : DC5V~40V is the default, DC5V~50V is the option
extended temperature range of -30 ~ 75°C
integrated overvoltage protection

Optional all Router with RS232 and RS485 interface for transparent serial transmission over a TCP / IP are available .

New 3G module MU509-65 for North America

Category : 其他, 技术相关

  • This year, Huawei lanuched a new module for 3G network in North America. Here is the details:
  • Because the 2G network shutdown in the North America ‎gradually. Huawei propose the more competitive solution “MU509-65” to follow the network development trade in North America. The MU509-65 with US region 3G Band support. But remove 2G band and available in LGA form factor. Meanwhile, MU509-65 also certificated with FCC/PTCRB/IC and AT&T TA.The industrial-grade M2M application of MU509-65 is widely. Such as POS, tracking , safety monitor and wearable medical device. And MU509-65 supports 3.6Mbps downlink data rate. Including enhanced features like FOTA,UDP/TCP/FTP/HTTP stack and Huawei enhanced AT commands.
  • All Huawei modules comply with the RoHS directive and Regional certification.
  • The MU509-65 is the HSDPA module based on Qualcomm chipset. Which is high-quality designed HSDPA module in small size and Huawei standard LGA form factor. The standard form factor design provided the easy way to migrate from MU509-c, MU709 or ME909 family.
  • Size
Height

30mm

Width

30mm

Depth

2.57mm

Weight

approx 5.5 g

  • Form Factor
145-pin LGA
  • Bands
MU509-65 LGA

WCDMA dual-band: 850/1900 MHz

  • Data Transfer Rate
HSDPA: DL 3.6 Mbps / UL: 384 kbps

WCDMA CS: DL 64 kbps / UL 64 kbps

WCDMA PS: DL 384 kbps / UL 384 kbps

  • Interface
Antenna interface

USB 2.0 Full Speed

Power supply

Analog Audio

UART

SIM Card (1.8V/3.0V)

Reset

Multiple GPIOs

  • Power Supply
3.2 V to 4.2 V (3.8 V recommended)
  • Temp Range
-40℃ to 85℃
  • Voice
PCM Voice

DTMF

  • Special Features
FOTA

Embedded UDP/TCP/FTP(s)/HTTP(s) stack

  • Operating System
Linux, Android,
  • Approvals
FCC

PTCRB

IC

AT&T Certification

RoHS & WEEE Compliant

What is VPN

Category : 其他, 技术相关

A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network or internet. It enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.

VPNs can provide functionality, security and/or network management benefits to the user. But they can also lead to new issues, and some VPN services, especially “free” ones, can actually violate their users’ privacy by logging their usage and making it available without their consent, or make money by selling the user’s bandwidth to other users.

Some VPNs allow employees to securely access a corporate intranet while located outside the office. Some can securely connect geographically separated offices of an organization, creating one cohesive network. Individual Internet users can use some VPNs to secure their wireless transactions, to circumvent geo-restrictions and censorship, and/or to connect to proxy servers for the purpose of protecting personal identity and location. But some Internet sites block access via known VPNs to prevent the circumvention of their geo-restrictions.

A VPN is created by establishing a virtual point-to-point connection through the use of dedicated connections, virtual tunneling protocols, or traffic encryption. A VPN available from the public Internet can provide some of the benefits of a wide area network (WAN). From a user perspective, the resources available within the private network can be accessed remotely.

Traditional

VPNs are characterized by a point-to-point topology, and they do not tend to support or connect broadcast domains, so services such as Microsoft NetBIOS may not be fully supported or work as they would on a local area network (LAN). Designers have developed VPN variants, such as Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS), and layer-2 tunneling protocols, to overcome this

limitation.

Talking about Long Distance Wi-Fi

Category : 其他, 技术相关

Introduction
Since the development of the IEEE 802.11 radio standard (marketed under the Wi-Fi brand name), the technology has become markedly less expensive and achieved higher bit rates. Long range Wi-Fi especially in the 2.4 GHz band (as the shorter range higher bit rate 5.8 GHz bands become popular alternatives to wired LAN connections) have proliferated with specialist devices. While Wi-Fi hotspots are ubiquitous in urban areas, some rural areas use more powerful longer range transceivers as alternatives to cell (GSM, CDMA) or fixed wireless (Motorola Canopy and other 900 MHz) applications. The main drawbacks of 2.4 GHz vs. these lower-frequency options are:

poor signal penetration – 2.4 GHz connections are effectively limited to line of sight or soft obstacles
far less range – GSM or CDMA cell phones can connect reliably at > 16 km (9.9 mi) distances. The range of GSM, imposed by the parameters of Time division multiple access, is set at 35 km.
few service providers commercially support long distance Wi-Fi connections
Despite a lack of commercial service providers, applications for long range Wi-Fi have cropped up around the world. It has also been used in experimental trials in the developing world to link communities separated by difficult geography with few or no other connectivity options. Some benefits of using long range Wi-Fi for these applications include:

unlicensed spectrum – avoiding negotiations with incumbent telecom providers, governments or others
smaller, simpler, cheaper antennas – 2.4 GHz antennas are less than half the size of comparable strength 900 MHz antennas and require less lightning protection
availability of proven free software like OpenWrt, DD-WRT, Tomato that works even on old routers (WRT54G for instance) and makes modes like WDS, OLSR, etc., available to anyone. Including revenue sharing models for hotspots.
Nonprofit organizations operating widespread installations, such as forest services, also make extensive use of long-range Wi-Fi to augment or replace older communications technologies such as shortwave or microwave transceivers in licensed bands.

Applications
Business
Provide coverage to a large office or business complex or campus.
Establish point-to-point link between large skyscrapers or other office buildings.
Bring Internet to remote construction sites or research labs.
Simplify networking technologies by coalescing around a small number of Internet related widely used technologies, limiting or eliminating legacy technologies such as shortwave radio so these can be dedicated to uses where they actually are needed.
Bring Internet to a home if regular cable/DSL cannot be hooked up at the location.
Bring Internet to a vacation home or cottage on a remote mountain or on a lake.
Bring Internet to a yacht or large seafaring vessel.
Share a neighborhood Wi-Fi network.
Nonprofit and Government
Connect widespread physical guard posts, e.g. for foresters, that guard a physical area, without any new wiring
In tourist regions, fill in cell dead zones with Wi-Fi coverage, and ensure connectivity for local tourist trade operators
Reduce costs of dedicated network infrastructure and improve security by applying modern encryption and authentication.
Military
Connect critical opinion leaders, infrastructure such as schools and police stations, in a network local authorities can maintain
Build resilient infrastructure with cheaper equipment that an impoverished war-torn region can afford, i.e. using commercial grade, rather than military-class network technology, which may then be left with the developed-world military
Reduce costs and simplify/protect supply chains by using cheaper simpler equipment that draws less fuel and battery power; In general these are high priorities for commercial technologies like Wi-Fi especially as they are used in mobile devices.
Scientific research
See also: Wireless sensor network
A long range seismic sensor network was used during the Andean Seismic Project in Peru. A multi-hop span with a total length of 320 kilometres was crossed with some segments around 30 to 50 kilometers. The goal was to connect to outlying stations to UCLA in order to receive seismic data in real time.
Large-scale deployments
The Technology and Infrastructure for Emerging Regions (TIER) project at University of California at Berkeley in collaboration with Intel, uses a modified Wi-Fi setup to create long-distance point-to-point links for several of its projects in the developing world. This technique, dubbed Wi-Fi over Long Distance (WiLD), is used to connect the Aravind Eye Hospital with several outlying clinics in Tamil Nadu state, India. Distances range from five to over fifteen kilometres (3–10 miles) with stations placed in line of sight of each other. These links allow specialists at the hospital to communicate with nurses and patients at the clinics through video conferencing. If the patient needs further examination or care, a hospital appointment can then be scheduled. Another network in Ghana links the University of Ghana, Legon campus to its remote campuses at the Korle bu Medical School and the City campus; a further extension will feature links up to 80 km (50 mi) apart.

The Tegola project of the University of Edinburgh is developing new technologies to bring high-speed, affordable broadband to rural areas beyond the reach of fibre. A 5-link ring connects Knoydart, the N. shore of Loch Hourne, and a remote community at Kilbeg to backhaul from the Gaelic College on Skye. All links pass over tidal waters; they range in length from 2.5 km to 19 km.

Increasing range in other ways
Further information: 802.11 non-standard equipment and Radio propagation
Specialized Wi-Fi channels
For more details on this topic, see List of WLAN channels.
In most standard Wi-Fi routers, the three standards, a, b and g, are enough. But in long-range Wi-Fi, special technologies are used to get the most out of a Wi-Fi connection. The 802.11-2007 standard adds 10 MHz and 5 MHz OFDM modes to the 802.11a standard, and extend the time of cyclic prefix protection from 0.8 µs to 3.2 µs, quadrupling the multipath distortion protection. Some commonly available 802.11a/g chipsets support the OFDM ‘half-clocking’ and ‘quarter-clocking’ that is in the 2007 standard, and 4.9 GHz and 5.0 GHz products are available with 10 MHz and 5 MHz channel bandwidths. It is likely that some 802.11n D.20 chipsets will also support ‘half-clocking’ for use in 10 MHz channel bandwidths, and at double the range of the 802.11n standard.

802.11n and MIMO
Preliminary 802.11n working became available in many routers in 2008. This technology can use multiple antennas to target one or more sources to increase speed. This is known as MIMO, Multiple Input Multiple Output. In tests, the speed increase was said to only occur over short distances rather than the long range needed for most point to point setups. On the other hand, using dual antennas with orthogonal polarities along with a 2×2 MIMO chipset effectively enable two independent carrier signals to be sent and received along the same long distance path.

Power increase or receiver sensitivity boosting

A rooftop 1 watt Wi-Fi amp, feeding a simple vertical antenna on the left.
Another way of adding range uses a power amplifier. Commonly known as “range extender amplifiers” these small devices usually supply around ½ watt of power to the antenna. Such amplifiers may give more than five times the range to an existing network. Every 6 dB gain doubles range. The alternative techniques of selecting a more sensitive WLAN adapter and more directive antenna should also be considered.

Higher gain antennas and adapter placement
Specially shaped directional antennas can increase the range of a Wi-Fi transmission without a drastic increase in transmission power. High gain antenna may be of many designs, but all allow transmitting a narrow signal beam over greater distance than a non-directional antenna, often nulling out nearby interference sources. A popular low-cost home made approach increases WiFi ranges by just placing standard USB WLAN hardware at the focal point of modified parabolic cookware. Such “WokFi” techniques typically yield gains more than 10 dB over the bare system; enough for line of sight (LOS) ranges of several kilometers and improvements in marginal locations. Although often low power, cheap USB WLAN adapters suit site auditing and location of local signal “sweet spots”. As USB leads incur none of the losses normally associated with costly microwave coax and SMA fittings, just extending a USB adapter (or AP, etc.) up to a window, or away from shielding metal work and vegetation, may dramatically improve the link.

Protocol hacking
The standard IEEE 802.11 protocol implementations can be modified to make them more suitable for long distance, point-to-point usage, at the risk of breaking interoperability with other Wi-Fi devices and suffering interference from transmitters located near the antenna. These approaches are used by the TIER project.

In addition to power levels, it is also important to know how the 802.11 protocol acknowledges each received frame. If the acknowledgement is not received, the frame is re-transmitted. By default, the maximum distance between transmitter and receiver is 1.6 km (1 mi). On longer distances the delay will force retransmissions. On standard firmware for some professional equipment such as the Cisco Aironet 1200, this parameter can be tuned for optimal throughput. OpenWrt, DD-WRT and all derivatives of it also enable such tweaking. In general, open source software is vastly superior to commercial firmware for all purposes involving protocol hacking, as the philosophy is to expose all radio chipset capabilities and let the user modify them. This strategy has been especially effective with low end routers such as the WRT54G which had excellent hardware features the commercial firmware did not support. As of 2011, many vendors still supported only a subset of chipset features that open source firmware unlocked, and most vendors actively encourage the use of open source firmware for protocol hacking, in part to avoid the difficulty of trying to support commercial firmware users attempting this.

Packet fragmentation can also be used to improve throughput in noisy/congested conditions. Although packet fragmentation is often thought of as something bad, and does indeed add a large overhead, reducing throughput, it is sometimes necessary. For example, in a congested situation, ping times of 30 byte packets can be excellent, while ping times of 1450 byte packets can be very poor with high packet loss. Dividing the packet in half, by setting the fragmentation threshold to 750, can vastly improve the throughput. The fragmentation threshold should be a division of the MTU, typically 1500, so should be 750, 500, 375, etc. However, excessive fragmentation can make the problem worse, since the increased overhead will increase congestion.

Obstacles to long-range Wi-Fi
Methods that increase the range of a Wi-Fi connection may also make it fragile and volatile, due to various factors including:

Landscape interference
Obstacles are among the biggest problems when setting up a long-range Wi-Fi. Trees and forests attenuate the microwave signal, and hills make it difficult to establish line-of-sight propagation.

In a city, buildings will impact integrity, speed and connectivity. Steel frames and Sheet metal in walls or roofs may partially or fully reflect radio signals, causing signal loss or multipath problems. Concrete or plaster walls absorb microwave signals significantly, reducing the total signal.

Tidal fading
When point-to-point wireless connections cross tidal estuaries or archipelagos, multipath interference from reflections over tidal water can be considerably destructive. The Tegola project uses a slow frequency-hopping technique to mitigate tidal fading.

2.4 GHz interference
Main article: Electromagnetic interference at 2.4 GHz
Microwave ovens in residences dominate the 2.4 GHz band and will cause “meal time perturbations” of the noise floor. There are many other sources of interference that aggregate into a formidable obstacle to enabling long range use in occupied areas. Residential wireless phones, baby monitors, wireless cameras, remote car starters, and Bluetooth products are all capable of transmitting in the 2.4 GHz band.

Due to the intended nature of the 2.4 GHz band, there are many users of this band, with potentially dozens of devices per household. By its very nature, “long range” connotes an antenna system which can see many of these devices, which when added together produce a very high noise floor, whereby no single signal is usable, but nonetheless are still received. The aim of a long range system is to produce a system which over-powers these signals and/or uses directional antennas to prevent the receiver “seeing” these devices, thereby reducing the noise floor.