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伊林思_工业无线路由器OSPF链路类型(Link... 工业无线路由器OSPF链路类型(Link Type) 巧玲珑OSPF确实因为考虑问题的全面,而导致路由协议的复杂,OSPF不仅因为不同的二层链路层介质定义了不同的OSPF网络类型(Network Type),还因为链路上的邻居,而定义了OSPF链路类型(Link Type) 。 OSPF网络类型(Network...

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工业路由器的Network Summary LSA 工业路由器:Network Summary LSA ABR工业级路由器始发,用于通告该区域外部的目的地址, 可以使用show ip ospf database summary查看LSA 如果ABR知道有多条路径可以到达目标地址,但是它仍然只发送单个的Network Summary LSA,并且是开销最低的那条;同样,如果ABR从其他的ABR那里收到多条Network...

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工业4G路由器BGP邻居的flaping •工业路由器通过IGP学到对方loopback,并用looback建EBGP邻居 •又在BGP中通告此loopback。此时BGP邻居会出现flaping R1和R2之间运行一个IGP协议,比如说EIGRP。将环回口都宣告进去,这样R1和R2相互之间就有对方环回口的工业级路由器路由了,然后再用环回口建立EBGP邻居关系。最后再把2.2.2.0和1.1.1.0的环回口宣告进BGP。这时你会发现工业无线路由器BGP路由会发生flapping。 原因一:无线路由器 •首先R1和R2之间运行了EIGRP,学到对方的环回口工业级无线路由器路由是一条EIGRP路由,管理距离是90 •而当这两个环回口宣告进BGP后,R1和R2又通过BGP学到对方环回口路由,管理距离是20 •这时,全网工业级路由器BGP路由由于管理距离最小,会进入全网工业路由器路由表,取代EIGRP路由 •问题在于,现在的全网通工业路由器BGP路由是有问题的,下一跳是不可达的 R2收到的1.1.1.0的BGP路由下一跳是R1的环回口1.1.1.1 R1收到的2.2.2.0的BGP路由下一跳是R2的环回口2.2.2.2 •BGP有一个检查机制,每60S检查一次BGP路由,看是否有效,60S后就会检查到这些工业级全网通路由器路由并设为无效 •BGP路由无效以后,在路由表中就没有了,EIGRP路由又起作用了。 •有了EIGRP路由,BGP路由的下一跳有可达了。又有效了。 •BGP邻居有效以后,又会抢占了EIGRP路由的地位,又会导致全网通工业级路由器BGP路由下一跳不可达。 原因二:4g路由器 •首先R1和R2之间运行了EIGRP,学到对方的环回口工业全网通路由器路由是一条EIGRP路由,管理距离是90 •而当这两个环回口宣告进BGP后,R1和R2又通过BGP学到对方环回口路由,管理距离是20 •这时,工业级全网路由器BGP路由由于管理距离最小,会进入路由表,取代EIGRP路由 •问题在于,现在的工业4G路由器BGP路由是有问题的,下一跳是不可达的 R2收到的1.1.1.0的工业级4G路由器BGP路由下一跳是R1的环回口1.1.1.1 R1收到的2.2.2.0的BGP路由下一跳是R2的环回口2.2.2.2 •路由不可达就造成两个邻居之间没法发送keeplive •180S后BGP邻居关系超时,并DOWN掉。这时EIGRP路由又起作用了。 •有了EIGRP路由,BGP邻居关系又可以建立了。 •BGP邻居有效以后,工业全网路由器BGP路由又会抢占了EIGRP路由的地位,又会导致BGP邻居再一次DOWN掉。 标签:全网通路由器 ...

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工业路由器OSPF建立邻居到LSA的互换的交换过程 从工业路由器OSPF建立邻居,到LSA的互换,到路由表的计算,需要经过一系列的工业级路由器数据包交换过程,过程如下: Hello ↓ Database Description Packets (DBD) ↓ Link-state Request (LSR) ↓ Link-state update(LSU) ↓ LSDB 具体情况如下: Hello Hello包是用来建立和维护工业无线路由器OSPF邻居的,要交换LSA,必须先通过Hello包建立工业级无线路由器OSPF邻居。 Database...

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伊林思:工业4g路由器区域分离你清楚吗? 工业4g路由器区域分离 区域分离的操作与区域合并的正好相反。区域分离可以将原有的一个区域分离为两个不同的区域。如下图所示,R1与R2都为L1/2工业路由器。起初R1和R2属于同一个区域中,都拥有相同的区域地址49.0001,之间形成了L1和L2邻接关系,共享相同的L1和L2链路状态数据库。现在需要将这两个区域分离开。与区域合并一样,可以先赋予R2两个全网通工业路由器NET地址,区域地址分别为49.0001和49.0002。之后再将R2原先区域地址为49.0001的NET地址删除,这时由于R1和R2处于不同的区域,L1邻接关系将不存在,但L2邻接关系和L2链路状态数据将保留,此时便完成了全网通工业级路由器区域分离。 重编址 重编址过程与区域合并、区域分离相似,重编址可能需要清除一些或者全部工业级路由器的区域前缀,用新的区域前缀代替。如下图所示,现在希望将原先的49.0001区域迁移到49.0002区域,这就需要更改工业级无线路由器上的区域地址。R1和R2属于同一个区域49.0001中,要将R1和R2迁移到49.0002区域中,可以为R1和R2都赋予两个NET地址,两个NET地址包含不同的区域地址,49.0001和49.0002,然后依次删除R1和R2的包含49.0001区域地址的NET地址,这样就实现了工业无线路由器新的NSAP地址的无缝、无冲突的重新配置。 注意,IS-IS多宿主与IP中的辅助地址(secondanaryIP)是不同的,辅助地址可以在同一条工业级全网通路由器链路上创建多个隔离的逻辑子网。另外,辅助IP地址是在一条链路上配置多个子网。 工业无线路由器NSEL NSEL定义了网络层服务的用户,工业全网通路由器路由层是特殊的网络层服务用户,它的NSEL值为0。之前多次提到,在IS-IS工业4G路由器上配置的NSAP地址采用00作为NSEL,这时NSAP地址被称为NET。NSEL的值与IP报头中的协议类型或TCP/UDP报头中的TCP、UDP端口号类似,NSEL帮助网络层把数据发送到适当的应用程序或服务。在OSI分层模型中,网络层服务的是传输层。目标不是路由进程的CLNP数据包具有非0的NSEL值的NSAP地址,表示节点需要将数据发送到传输层。我们在使用IS-IS进行工业级4G路由器IP路由选择中,只要记住始终保持NSEL为00即可。全网通4g路由器

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H685 and H820 indicates Open Device Error in Web

Category : 伊林思产品FAQ

Issue: in Router web, it indicates “open device error”

 Related Pictures:

 open device error

Main Cause and Solution:

Item

Cause

Solution

1

Web not refreshed

Wait some seconds until the router web refresh.

Follow manual chapter “3.3.3.1 WAN – Cellular Network” to set the “Cell Modem” to “AUTO”

2

the module inside the router is loosen

Open the router case, re-install the radio module

3

Module is failed

Contact E-Lins to order new or repair

 

The Best Wi-fi Router

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ

E-lins H820 Dual Band Wireless Router

E-lins wireless router offers excellent Wi-Fi performance and ease of use at a low cost. H820 upports 802.11ac and offers super performance. It comes with a nice mobile-app-enabled Web interface that’s easy to use.and lots of features for industry and businesses.

The latest Wi-Fi standard, 802.11ac, has been greatly anticipated thanks to the much faster speeds it supports. Everyone can benefit from a good 802.11ac router because they all support the current Wireless-N standard too. try one of these 802.11ac routers that are here now.

 

E-lins Industrial router Offer Safe and Stable Wireless Data Transmission

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ

E-lins H700 Industrial router Offer Safe and Stable Wireless Data Transmission.
Nowadays, 3G internet service has become a basic demand. And the 4G LTE, which offers a faster internet service, is the following mainstream. LTE(Long Term Evolution)is the standard for wireless communication of high-speed data transmission, it’s also the evolution of GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSPA. LTE can highly enhance the performance of transmission capability and network speed. America now is the leading country of using LTE service, which is available in 486 cities. Providing the high-bandwidth transmission is one of the LTE advantages, it fully meets the requirements of high-speed telecommunication. LTE also benefits in data transmission of the high-speed railway application. Moreover, it can be fully implemented in highway utilization, station side/on-board surveillance, real-time voice and video transmission, mobile internet, aero-applications, etc. Wireless routers are widely applied to the Intelligent City System: electricity distribution system, the wireless data transmission of surveillance system, water treatment plant monitor and control system, highway bridge prier monitor system, bank service, and etc.

For the large requirement in the market,E-lins technology is pleased to release this industrial grade router series with 3G and 4G LTE.two sets of SIM cards, while one SIM card malfunctioned, the other one can immediately turns on its back up function and lower the risk of data lost or fail transmission.

E-lins Secure Broadband 4g Router and Gateway for Remote Monitoring

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ

E-lins H685 is built for security, speed, reliability and versatility to meet the ever-changing needs of fixed and mobile enterprise broadband M2M applications. With a high performance, yet low-power, embedded processor, the H685 is an adaptable and economical platform for 3G and 4G broadband routing and cellular gateway functions. The H685 product line features an open Linux operating system, user programmable applications, four power management sleep modes and both high-speed and digital physical interface options.

The H685′s a leading provider of wireless products, services and solutions, announced today its newest enterprise data product, a high-speed broadband router and gateway messaging unit that provides reliable and secure 3G and 4G network connectivity for 24/7 always-on operation of remote-fixed and mobile machine-to-machine (M2M) deployments. Welcome to our website learn more!

New 4G M2M Router

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ

E-lins H685t is a new 4G/LTE router with wifi,built on components that meet industrial requirements , with a low price but with unlimited features.The router can be mounted on a DIN rail with a separate bracket . It is powered by 12 VDC and has a rich support for different LTE bands, it can communicate via LTE at 800, 900 , 1800, 1900 , 2100 and 2600 MHz. Is not 4G on the spot then transferred router to 3G and then 2G. As for 4G so the router has a theoretical maximum speed of 100 Mbit / s download speed and 50 Mbit / s upload speed , but also for 3G offers the great performance by up to 42 Mbit / s download speed and 5.7 Mbit / s upload speed.

In order to reach these speeds , use of dual external antennas , three antennas included in the package , two for 4G and one for wifi. Because the router has an antenna plug of SMA type antenna can be replaced with more powerful antennas , which can be an advantage in such fixed installations.

Dual Sim 4G Router for Japan

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ

Series: H750 Router (industrial grade, dual sim one modem, LAN RJ45*3+WAN RJ45*1, option: RS232/RS485); One sim work online, the other standby, switch freely, cold standby failure backup each other
Detailed spec link1: http://www.szelins.com/download/H750_Datasheet_Eng.pdf
Detailed spec link2: http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/H750_Datasheet_Eng.pdf
VPN(PPTP, L2TP, IPsec, GRE), SNMP; DDNS, DHCP, NAT/NAPT, Web, Auto-dial, always online, watch-dog, POE(Option);
Cellular/WAN RJ45/WiFi Client supports cold failover;
Option feature:
1) WiFi 802.11b/g/n (working as AP, Bridge Repeater, client)
2) GPS
3) Serial port for DTU feature (Serial to Cellular Gateway), RS232 or RS485 to select one
4) DC input 5V~50V (default is DC5V-40V)
5) dynamic route (D-route) for RIP, OSPF, BGP, Zebra
6) Internal battery 8000mAH (Model name is H700)

UMTS/HSPA/HSUPA/HSPA/HSPA+/DC-HSPA+ (WCDMA/FDD): 850/1900/2100 MHz, option for 850/900/1900/2100Mhz/1700Mhz/AWS;

3G TD-SCDMA: 2010~2025MHz/1880~1920MHz

 

Quad-band EGSM 850/900/1800/1900;

 

CDMA1x/EVDO: 800/1900Mhz, option for 450Mhz;

Cellular Band Supported.

4G FDD LTE:

Band 1–2100Mhz

Band 2–1900Mhz

Band 3–1800Mhz

Band 4—AWS(1700/2100Mhz)

Band 5–850Mhz

Band 7–2600MHz

Band 8–900Mhz

Band 12–700Mhz

Band 13–700(B13)Mhz

Band 17–700(B17)/AWS

Band 19—800Mhz

Band 20–DD800Mhz

Band 21

Band 25 –1900Mhz G Block

Band 28 – 700Mhz

Band 31– 450Mhz
Other FDD band…

4G TDD LTE (TD-LTE):

Band 41 – 2500/2600Mhz

Band 40 — 2300Mhz

Band 39 – 1900Mhz

Band 38 — 2600Mhz

Other TDD band…

Notes: 4G LTE is new. There are many different band and frequencies. Please confirm the detailed band and frequency with your carriers before order.

H820 Switch MC7710 from DIP to QMI to increase 4G LTE Data Speed

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 技术相关

Steps for updating,
1) open H820 case, take out the MC7710 radio module
2) install the MC7710 radio module into the M300 debug board with USB cable.
3) get one PC (called PC1), install MC7710-DIP windows drivers. Download drivers and GUI tool at link http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/driver/MC7710-DIP.zip

4) get another PC(called PC2), install MC7710-QMI windows drivers. Download drivers and GUI tool at link http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/driver/QMI_B3449_Watcher.zip   and  http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/driver/QMI_Driver_B3574.zip

5) Download DIP-QMI switching tool at link http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/driver/BZ31018_DIP_QMI_ModeSwitch.zip
Unzip it and put in PC1.

6) Put the SIM card into the M300 debug board. Connect M300 debug board with MC7710 radio module to PC1, power on the M300 debug board, the PC1 will find the device and finishing installing the drivers.
Run the sierrawireless GUI tool, check if can get signal and network.
Run the DIP-QMI switching tool “BZ31018_DIP_QMI_ModeSwitch.exe”, try to switch from DIP to QMI mode. Please do not touch the M300 board until the switching is finished.

7) Connect the M300 board with MC7710 radio module to PC2, power on the M300 debug board, the PC2 will find the device and finishing installing the drivers.
Run the sierrawireless GUI tool, check if can get signal and network.

8) Put the MC7710 radio back to H685 router.  Install the connectors and cables well.

9) Download newest firmware at link http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/firmware/ H820_8M64M_V2.3.52_20130801
And update the H820 with this firmware.

10) At H820 router, please at WAN configuration page, select “AUTO” at “Cell Modem”. Do not forget to click “Apply” button. Then the router will search the radio module, and working with QMI mode, which can reach much faster speed than before.

 

Dual SIM industrial router H750 Quick Start

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 技术相关

Before Installation and Configuration

  1. H750 router has different version. Study your router version before installation.
  2. For GSM/GPRS/EDGE/HSDPA/HSUPA/HSPA/HSPA+/4G LTE version, please get a SIM card with data business.
  3. For CDMA2000 EVDO/CDMA1x version, please get a UIM card with data business or inform us before order if the network uses non-ruim (nam-flashing).
  4. Make sure the sim card or uim card is with enough data business and balance.
  5. Make sure the signal is good enough where you test or install the router. Weak signal will make the router no work. If you find your signal strength is not good, please contact us for high gain antenna.

Notes: This quick start is for GSM/GPRS/EDGE/HSDPA/HSUPA/HSPA+/TD-SCDMA network only. For EVDO network or CDMA network, please refer to manual or contact us freely.

Step 1) Confirm the sim card if can work with other 2G/3G/4G router or modem. If the sim card can not work, the router will not work correctly.

Step 2) Connect the H750 Router LAN port to a PC via RJ45 cable. Make the PC automatically to get the IP, Submask, DNS.

The PC will get an IP of 192.168.8.xxx.

Step 3) At PC IE browser, please type: http://192.168.8.1

Username: admin      Password: admin

Step 4) Internet Settings – WAN – Cell Modem

Notes:

  • If you don’t replace any cellular module or not do the “Load Default to factory”, please skip this step and jump to Step 5.
  • Please be patient that the router will take some more time to dialup online for first configuration,

At “Cell Modem”, please select “AUTO_DETECT”, and click “Apply” button. The router will automatically detect the module modem.

Step 5) Set Cell SIM1

Setting location: H750 web “Internet Settings – WAN – APN configuration”

Click “Advance Parameter Groups” button, the H750 router will display the configuration page.

Fill in the related parameters. And DO NOT FORGET TO CLICK “Add/Edit” button.

Parameters Groups Name: you can fill in the name freely. But keep No Space between characters.

Dialup: fill in the related parameters. Get this parameter from the Sim Card Provider or Carrier;

APN: fill in the related parameters. Get this parameter from the Sim Card Provider or Carrier;

User: fill in the related parameters. Get this parameter from the Sim Card Provider or Carrier.
Notes: If your SIM card has no user name, please input out default value, otherwise the router may not dialup. Our default value for GSM/WCDMA/LTE is “wap”, and for CDMA/EVDO is “card”.

Password: fill in the related parameters. Get this parameter from the Sim Card Provider or Carrier.
Notes: If your SIM card has no user name, please input out default value, otherwise the router may not dialup. Our default value for GSM/WCDMA/LTE is “wap”, and for CDMA/EVDO is “card”.

 

Step 6) Set Cell SIM2. Follow Step 6 of setting Cell SIM1.

Step 7) Activate the “Cell SIM Switching Trigger” feature

Setting location: H750 web: Internet Settings – WAN — All Cell Option

There are 6 types of Cell Option Mode (Cell Switching Mode),

Mode Description
cell1 only With this mode, only sim1 works
cell2 only With this mode, only sim2 works
fail switch cell1 first With this mode, it works as below,
sim1 on – switch to sim2 on if sim1 failed, and keep working on sim2 – switch to sim1 on if sim2 failed, and keep working on sim1 –switch to sim2 on if sim1 failed, and keep working on sim2 – “cycling”
fail switch cell2 first With this mode, it works as below,
sim2 on – switch to sim1 on if sim2 failed, and keep working on sim1 – switch to sim2 on if sim1 failed, and keep working on sim2 –switch to sim1 on if sim2 failed, and keep working on sim1 – “cycling”
cell1 prefer With this mode, it works as below,
sim1 on – keep working on sim1 – if sim1 failed, switch to sim2 – keep working on sim2 for “Check Time (for Prefer mode)”, then try to check if sim1 is restored, if restored, switch to sim1 – “cycling”
cell2 prefer With this mode, it works as below,
sim2 on – keep working on sim2 – if sim1 failed, switch to sim1 – keep working on sim1 for “Check Time (for Prefer mode)”, then try to check if sim2 is restored, if restored, switch to sim2 – “cycling”
advance data traffic cell1 first With this mode, it works as below,
sim1 and sim2 have data limits. Sim1 on — once sim1 data count reaches the limitation, switch to sim2 — once sim2 data count reaches the limitation, sim1 and sim2 neither works until next day/week/month.With this mode, users need set the “Advance Cell Traffic” configuration
advance data traffic cell2 first With this mode, it works as below,
sim1 and sim2 have data limits. Sim2 on — once sim2 data count reaches the limitation, switch to sim1 — once sim1 data count reaches the limitation, sim1 and sim2 neither works until next day/week/month.With this mode, users need set the “Advance Cell Traffic” configuration. Refer to the detailed manuals from E-Lins.
cell on time traffic Sim1 and sim2 work according the time period schedule settings.

With this mode, users need set the “Advance Cell Traffic” configuration. Refer to the detailed manuals from E-Lins.

Notes: Sometimes it may happen the following,
1) Choosing ” fail switch cell1 first” or “cell1 prefer”, SIM2 is firstly online, this is not problem because sometimes the SIM1 has some problem to be online.

2) Choosing ” fail switch cell2 first” or “cell2 prefer”, SIM1 is firstly online, this is not problem because sometimes the SIM2 has some problem to be online.

Check Time (for Prefer mode): set the time for “cell1 prefer mode” or “cell2 prefer mode”

Description for Check Time (for Prefer mode):
For example1, Cell Option Mode is “cell1 prefer”, and Check Time (for Prefer mode) is “5” minutes. It works as below,
Router works with sim1 firstly — if sim1 failed, switch to sim2 — keep working on sim2 with 5 minutes — after 5 minutes, check if sim1 is ok, if ok, switch back to sim1.

For example2, Cell Option Mode is “cell2 prefer”, and Check Time (for Prefer mode) is “5” minutes. It works as below,
Router works with sim2 firstly — if sim2 failed, switch to sim1 — keep working on sim1 with 5 minutes — after 5 minutes, check if sim2 is ok, if ok, switch back to sim1.

Step 8) Click “View” button to double check if the settings are correct.

Step 9) Click “Apply” button or Re-power the router to reboot. Then H750 router will reboot and dialup online.

Once it’s online, the CELL LED will light on.
Notes: sometimes the router cannot dialup after the APN configuration, please power off the router, and re-power on it. Because some radio modules need reboot after the initial APN configuration.

Step 10) Once H750 router is online, it gets a WAN IP Address and Status Page will show similar info.

Step 11) Activate the “Cell ICMP Check” feature

Setting location: H750 web: Internet Settings – Cell ICMP Check

Notes:

1) For router working with best stability, we highly suggest activate and use this feature.

With this feature, the Router will automatically detect its working status and fix the problem.

2) Please disable the “Ping from WAN Filter” if use ICMP check feature, otherwise it cannot work.

 

  • Active: tick it to enable ICMP check feature
  • Check method: fill in checking domain name or IP. Click HOST/IP check button to verify before using it.
  • Check interval time (sec): set the interval time of every check
  • Check Count: set the checking count number
  • Reboot Count Before Sleep: H750 Router will sleep to stop checking after failed with set times.
  • Sleep Time (min): H750 Router sleep timing before resume check.

 

Example with above picture:

H750 Router check “www.google.com” and “112.134.8.8”, it will check 3 times. After the previous check, it will do next check after 60 seconds. Totally it will check 3 times. If 3 times all failed, H750 Router will reboot. If reboots 3 times continuously, H750 Router goes to sleep to stop checking. The sleep time is 5 minutes. After 5 minutes, H750 Router resumes to cycle the checking.

 

High Gain Antenna–Yagi-Uda Antenna

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 其他

Today, we are talking about high gain antennas. Here I want to introduce a strong one. A Yagi–Uda antenna, commonly known as a Yagi antenna, is a directional antenna consisting of multiple parallel elements in a line, usually half-wave dipoles made of metal rods.

Yagi–Uda antennas consist of a single driven element connected to the transmitter or receiver with a transmission line, and additional “parasitic elements” which are not connected to the transmitter or receiver: a so-called reflector and one or more directors.

The Yagi–Uda antenna consists of a number of parallel thin rod elements in a line, usually half-wave long, typically supported on a perpendicular crossbar or “boom” along their centers. There is a single driven element driven in the center (consisting of two rods each connected to one side of the transmission line), and a variable number of parasitic elements, a single reflector on one side and optionally one or more directors on the other side. The parasitic elements are not electrically connected to the transmitter or receiver, and serve as passive radiators, reradiating the radio waves to modify the radiation pattern. Typical spacings between elements vary from about  110 to ¼ of a wavelength, depending on the specific design. The directors are slightly shorter than the driven element, while the reflector(s) are slightly longer. The radiation pattern is unidirectional, with the main lobe along the axis perpendicular to the elements in the plane of the elements, off the end with the directors.

It’s also a good choice for you when you use E-Lins routers in rural area. This antenna will gain better reception than standard antennas for routers.

E-Lins New Product H820q —— 5 Powerful Wifi Antenna Assembling

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 其他

Best way to assemble H820Q wifi antenna

WiFi1—to 5Ghz Main;

WiFi2–to 5Ghz Aux

WiFi3–to 5Ghz Aux2(for special wifi module)

 

WiFi4–to 2.4Ghz Main

WiFi5–to 2.4Ghz Aux