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The detailed difference between 4G industrial router...   4G industrial router and 4G DTU both realize the wireless network data transmission function, and the differences between them are mainly from the use method, appearance interface and application environment, etc. Today, we will introduce some differences between 4G router and 4G DTU.   Different methods...

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Application analysis of iot sensing technology   The Internet of things (iot) is widely used in the integration of networks through intelligent perception, recognition technology, pervasive computing and other communication perception technologies. The iot is understood as "Internet connected by things". The Internet of things (iot) connects all objects with...

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What is a single/dual frequency wireless 4G router 1. Introduction to "single frequency" router The single-frequency router only works in the 2.4ghz band, which is generally supported by wireless terminals. However, the 2.4ghz band has large interference, which may affect the wireless rate and stability.   2. Introduction to "dual-frequency" router Dual-frequency...

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Wireless communication DTU features Data Transfer unit (DTU) is a wireless terminal device specially used to convert serial Data into IP Data or convert IP Data into serial Data for transmission through wireless communication network.   DTU advantages: Rapid and flexible network, short construction cycle, low cost; Wide network coverage; Good...

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The advantage of using wireless data transmission module... Data transmission can be simply divided into two major types: wired (including the installation of optical cables, cables or leased telecommunication lines) and wireless (including the establishment of dedicated wireless data transmission system or the borrowing of CDPD, GSM, CDMA and other public network information platforms).     In...

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H820 Switch MC7710 from DIP to QMI to increase 4G LTE Data Speed

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 技术相关

Steps for updating,
1) open H820 case, take out the MC7710 radio module
2) install the MC7710 radio module into the M300 debug board with USB cable.
3) get one PC (called PC1), install MC7710-DIP windows drivers. Download drivers and GUI tool at link http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/driver/MC7710-DIP.zip

4) get another PC(called PC2), install MC7710-QMI windows drivers. Download drivers and GUI tool at link http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/driver/QMI_B3449_Watcher.zip   and  http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/driver/QMI_Driver_B3574.zip

5) Download DIP-QMI switching tool at link http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/driver/BZ31018_DIP_QMI_ModeSwitch.zip
Unzip it and put in PC1.

6) Put the SIM card into the M300 debug board. Connect M300 debug board with MC7710 radio module to PC1, power on the M300 debug board, the PC1 will find the device and finishing installing the drivers.
Run the sierrawireless GUI tool, check if can get signal and network.
Run the DIP-QMI switching tool “BZ31018_DIP_QMI_ModeSwitch.exe”, try to switch from DIP to QMI mode. Please do not touch the M300 board until the switching is finished.

7) Connect the M300 board with MC7710 radio module to PC2, power on the M300 debug board, the PC2 will find the device and finishing installing the drivers.
Run the sierrawireless GUI tool, check if can get signal and network.

8) Put the MC7710 radio back to H685 router.  Install the connectors and cables well.

9) Download newest firmware at link http://www.e-lins.com/EN/download/firmware/ H820_8M64M_V2.3.52_20130801
And update the H820 with this firmware.

10) At H820 router, please at WAN configuration page, select “AUTO” at “Cell Modem”. Do not forget to click “Apply” button. Then the router will search the radio module, and working with QMI mode, which can reach much faster speed than before.

 

What is VPN

Category : 其他, 技术相关

A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network or internet. It enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.

VPNs can provide functionality, security and/or network management benefits to the user. But they can also lead to new issues, and some VPN services, especially “free” ones, can actually violate their users’ privacy by logging their usage and making it available without their consent, or make money by selling the user’s bandwidth to other users.

Some VPNs allow employees to securely access a corporate intranet while located outside the office. Some can securely connect geographically separated offices of an organization, creating one cohesive network. Individual Internet users can use some VPNs to secure their wireless transactions, to circumvent geo-restrictions and censorship, and/or to connect to proxy servers for the purpose of protecting personal identity and location. But some Internet sites block access via known VPNs to prevent the circumvention of their geo-restrictions.

A VPN is created by establishing a virtual point-to-point connection through the use of dedicated connections, virtual tunneling protocols, or traffic encryption. A VPN available from the public Internet can provide some of the benefits of a wide area network (WAN). From a user perspective, the resources available within the private network can be accessed remotely.

Traditional

VPNs are characterized by a point-to-point topology, and they do not tend to support or connect broadcast domains, so services such as Microsoft NetBIOS may not be fully supported or work as they would on a local area network (LAN). Designers have developed VPN variants, such as Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS), and layer-2 tunneling protocols, to overcome this

limitation.

Talking about Long Distance Wi-Fi

Category : 其他, 技术相关

Introduction
Since the development of the IEEE 802.11 radio standard (marketed under the Wi-Fi brand name), the technology has become markedly less expensive and achieved higher bit rates. Long range Wi-Fi especially in the 2.4 GHz band (as the shorter range higher bit rate 5.8 GHz bands become popular alternatives to wired LAN connections) have proliferated with specialist devices. While Wi-Fi hotspots are ubiquitous in urban areas, some rural areas use more powerful longer range transceivers as alternatives to cell (GSM, CDMA) or fixed wireless (Motorola Canopy and other 900 MHz) applications. The main drawbacks of 2.4 GHz vs. these lower-frequency options are:

poor signal penetration – 2.4 GHz connections are effectively limited to line of sight or soft obstacles
far less range – GSM or CDMA cell phones can connect reliably at > 16 km (9.9 mi) distances. The range of GSM, imposed by the parameters of Time division multiple access, is set at 35 km.
few service providers commercially support long distance Wi-Fi connections
Despite a lack of commercial service providers, applications for long range Wi-Fi have cropped up around the world. It has also been used in experimental trials in the developing world to link communities separated by difficult geography with few or no other connectivity options. Some benefits of using long range Wi-Fi for these applications include:

unlicensed spectrum – avoiding negotiations with incumbent telecom providers, governments or others
smaller, simpler, cheaper antennas – 2.4 GHz antennas are less than half the size of comparable strength 900 MHz antennas and require less lightning protection
availability of proven free software like OpenWrt, DD-WRT, Tomato that works even on old routers (WRT54G for instance) and makes modes like WDS, OLSR, etc., available to anyone. Including revenue sharing models for hotspots.
Nonprofit organizations operating widespread installations, such as forest services, also make extensive use of long-range Wi-Fi to augment or replace older communications technologies such as shortwave or microwave transceivers in licensed bands.

Applications
Business
Provide coverage to a large office or business complex or campus.
Establish point-to-point link between large skyscrapers or other office buildings.
Bring Internet to remote construction sites or research labs.
Simplify networking technologies by coalescing around a small number of Internet related widely used technologies, limiting or eliminating legacy technologies such as shortwave radio so these can be dedicated to uses where they actually are needed.
Bring Internet to a home if regular cable/DSL cannot be hooked up at the location.
Bring Internet to a vacation home or cottage on a remote mountain or on a lake.
Bring Internet to a yacht or large seafaring vessel.
Share a neighborhood Wi-Fi network.
Nonprofit and Government
Connect widespread physical guard posts, e.g. for foresters, that guard a physical area, without any new wiring
In tourist regions, fill in cell dead zones with Wi-Fi coverage, and ensure connectivity for local tourist trade operators
Reduce costs of dedicated network infrastructure and improve security by applying modern encryption and authentication.
Military
Connect critical opinion leaders, infrastructure such as schools and police stations, in a network local authorities can maintain
Build resilient infrastructure with cheaper equipment that an impoverished war-torn region can afford, i.e. using commercial grade, rather than military-class network technology, which may then be left with the developed-world military
Reduce costs and simplify/protect supply chains by using cheaper simpler equipment that draws less fuel and battery power; In general these are high priorities for commercial technologies like Wi-Fi especially as they are used in mobile devices.
Scientific research
See also: Wireless sensor network
A long range seismic sensor network was used during the Andean Seismic Project in Peru. A multi-hop span with a total length of 320 kilometres was crossed with some segments around 30 to 50 kilometers. The goal was to connect to outlying stations to UCLA in order to receive seismic data in real time.
Large-scale deployments
The Technology and Infrastructure for Emerging Regions (TIER) project at University of California at Berkeley in collaboration with Intel, uses a modified Wi-Fi setup to create long-distance point-to-point links for several of its projects in the developing world. This technique, dubbed Wi-Fi over Long Distance (WiLD), is used to connect the Aravind Eye Hospital with several outlying clinics in Tamil Nadu state, India. Distances range from five to over fifteen kilometres (3–10 miles) with stations placed in line of sight of each other. These links allow specialists at the hospital to communicate with nurses and patients at the clinics through video conferencing. If the patient needs further examination or care, a hospital appointment can then be scheduled. Another network in Ghana links the University of Ghana, Legon campus to its remote campuses at the Korle bu Medical School and the City campus; a further extension will feature links up to 80 km (50 mi) apart.

The Tegola project of the University of Edinburgh is developing new technologies to bring high-speed, affordable broadband to rural areas beyond the reach of fibre. A 5-link ring connects Knoydart, the N. shore of Loch Hourne, and a remote community at Kilbeg to backhaul from the Gaelic College on Skye. All links pass over tidal waters; they range in length from 2.5 km to 19 km.

Increasing range in other ways
Further information: 802.11 non-standard equipment and Radio propagation
Specialized Wi-Fi channels
For more details on this topic, see List of WLAN channels.
In most standard Wi-Fi routers, the three standards, a, b and g, are enough. But in long-range Wi-Fi, special technologies are used to get the most out of a Wi-Fi connection. The 802.11-2007 standard adds 10 MHz and 5 MHz OFDM modes to the 802.11a standard, and extend the time of cyclic prefix protection from 0.8 µs to 3.2 µs, quadrupling the multipath distortion protection. Some commonly available 802.11a/g chipsets support the OFDM ‘half-clocking’ and ‘quarter-clocking’ that is in the 2007 standard, and 4.9 GHz and 5.0 GHz products are available with 10 MHz and 5 MHz channel bandwidths. It is likely that some 802.11n D.20 chipsets will also support ‘half-clocking’ for use in 10 MHz channel bandwidths, and at double the range of the 802.11n standard.

802.11n and MIMO
Preliminary 802.11n working became available in many routers in 2008. This technology can use multiple antennas to target one or more sources to increase speed. This is known as MIMO, Multiple Input Multiple Output. In tests, the speed increase was said to only occur over short distances rather than the long range needed for most point to point setups. On the other hand, using dual antennas with orthogonal polarities along with a 2×2 MIMO chipset effectively enable two independent carrier signals to be sent and received along the same long distance path.

Power increase or receiver sensitivity boosting

A rooftop 1 watt Wi-Fi amp, feeding a simple vertical antenna on the left.
Another way of adding range uses a power amplifier. Commonly known as “range extender amplifiers” these small devices usually supply around ½ watt of power to the antenna. Such amplifiers may give more than five times the range to an existing network. Every 6 dB gain doubles range. The alternative techniques of selecting a more sensitive WLAN adapter and more directive antenna should also be considered.

Higher gain antennas and adapter placement
Specially shaped directional antennas can increase the range of a Wi-Fi transmission without a drastic increase in transmission power. High gain antenna may be of many designs, but all allow transmitting a narrow signal beam over greater distance than a non-directional antenna, often nulling out nearby interference sources. A popular low-cost home made approach increases WiFi ranges by just placing standard USB WLAN hardware at the focal point of modified parabolic cookware. Such “WokFi” techniques typically yield gains more than 10 dB over the bare system; enough for line of sight (LOS) ranges of several kilometers and improvements in marginal locations. Although often low power, cheap USB WLAN adapters suit site auditing and location of local signal “sweet spots”. As USB leads incur none of the losses normally associated with costly microwave coax and SMA fittings, just extending a USB adapter (or AP, etc.) up to a window, or away from shielding metal work and vegetation, may dramatically improve the link.

Protocol hacking
The standard IEEE 802.11 protocol implementations can be modified to make them more suitable for long distance, point-to-point usage, at the risk of breaking interoperability with other Wi-Fi devices and suffering interference from transmitters located near the antenna. These approaches are used by the TIER project.

In addition to power levels, it is also important to know how the 802.11 protocol acknowledges each received frame. If the acknowledgement is not received, the frame is re-transmitted. By default, the maximum distance between transmitter and receiver is 1.6 km (1 mi). On longer distances the delay will force retransmissions. On standard firmware for some professional equipment such as the Cisco Aironet 1200, this parameter can be tuned for optimal throughput. OpenWrt, DD-WRT and all derivatives of it also enable such tweaking. In general, open source software is vastly superior to commercial firmware for all purposes involving protocol hacking, as the philosophy is to expose all radio chipset capabilities and let the user modify them. This strategy has been especially effective with low end routers such as the WRT54G which had excellent hardware features the commercial firmware did not support. As of 2011, many vendors still supported only a subset of chipset features that open source firmware unlocked, and most vendors actively encourage the use of open source firmware for protocol hacking, in part to avoid the difficulty of trying to support commercial firmware users attempting this.

Packet fragmentation can also be used to improve throughput in noisy/congested conditions. Although packet fragmentation is often thought of as something bad, and does indeed add a large overhead, reducing throughput, it is sometimes necessary. For example, in a congested situation, ping times of 30 byte packets can be excellent, while ping times of 1450 byte packets can be very poor with high packet loss. Dividing the packet in half, by setting the fragmentation threshold to 750, can vastly improve the throughput. The fragmentation threshold should be a division of the MTU, typically 1500, so should be 750, 500, 375, etc. However, excessive fragmentation can make the problem worse, since the increased overhead will increase congestion.

Obstacles to long-range Wi-Fi
Methods that increase the range of a Wi-Fi connection may also make it fragile and volatile, due to various factors including:

Landscape interference
Obstacles are among the biggest problems when setting up a long-range Wi-Fi. Trees and forests attenuate the microwave signal, and hills make it difficult to establish line-of-sight propagation.

In a city, buildings will impact integrity, speed and connectivity. Steel frames and Sheet metal in walls or roofs may partially or fully reflect radio signals, causing signal loss or multipath problems. Concrete or plaster walls absorb microwave signals significantly, reducing the total signal.

Tidal fading
When point-to-point wireless connections cross tidal estuaries or archipelagos, multipath interference from reflections over tidal water can be considerably destructive. The Tegola project uses a slow frequency-hopping technique to mitigate tidal fading.

2.4 GHz interference
Main article: Electromagnetic interference at 2.4 GHz
Microwave ovens in residences dominate the 2.4 GHz band and will cause “meal time perturbations” of the noise floor. There are many other sources of interference that aggregate into a formidable obstacle to enabling long range use in occupied areas. Residential wireless phones, baby monitors, wireless cameras, remote car starters, and Bluetooth products are all capable of transmitting in the 2.4 GHz band.

Due to the intended nature of the 2.4 GHz band, there are many users of this band, with potentially dozens of devices per household. By its very nature, “long range” connotes an antenna system which can see many of these devices, which when added together produce a very high noise floor, whereby no single signal is usable, but nonetheless are still received. The aim of a long range system is to produce a system which over-powers these signals and/or uses directional antennas to prevent the receiver “seeing” these devices, thereby reducing the noise floor.

Dual SIM industrial router H750 Quick Start

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 技术相关

Before Installation and Configuration

  1. H750 router has different version. Study your router version before installation.
  2. For GSM/GPRS/EDGE/HSDPA/HSUPA/HSPA/HSPA+/4G LTE version, please get a SIM card with data business.
  3. For CDMA2000 EVDO/CDMA1x version, please get a UIM card with data business or inform us before order if the network uses non-ruim (nam-flashing).
  4. Make sure the sim card or uim card is with enough data business and balance.
  5. Make sure the signal is good enough where you test or install the router. Weak signal will make the router no work. If you find your signal strength is not good, please contact us for high gain antenna.

Notes: This quick start is for GSM/GPRS/EDGE/HSDPA/HSUPA/HSPA+/TD-SCDMA network only. For EVDO network or CDMA network, please refer to manual or contact us freely.

Step 1) Confirm the sim card if can work with other 2G/3G/4G router or modem. If the sim card can not work, the router will not work correctly.

Step 2) Connect the H750 Router LAN port to a PC via RJ45 cable. Make the PC automatically to get the IP, Submask, DNS.

The PC will get an IP of 192.168.8.xxx.

Step 3) At PC IE browser, please type: http://192.168.8.1

Username: admin      Password: admin

Step 4) Internet Settings – WAN – Cell Modem

Notes:

  • If you don’t replace any cellular module or not do the “Load Default to factory”, please skip this step and jump to Step 5.
  • Please be patient that the router will take some more time to dialup online for first configuration,

At “Cell Modem”, please select “AUTO_DETECT”, and click “Apply” button. The router will automatically detect the module modem.

Step 5) Set Cell SIM1

Setting location: H750 web “Internet Settings – WAN – APN configuration”

Click “Advance Parameter Groups” button, the H750 router will display the configuration page.

Fill in the related parameters. And DO NOT FORGET TO CLICK “Add/Edit” button.

Parameters Groups Name: you can fill in the name freely. But keep No Space between characters.

Dialup: fill in the related parameters. Get this parameter from the Sim Card Provider or Carrier;

APN: fill in the related parameters. Get this parameter from the Sim Card Provider or Carrier;

User: fill in the related parameters. Get this parameter from the Sim Card Provider or Carrier.
Notes: If your SIM card has no user name, please input out default value, otherwise the router may not dialup. Our default value for GSM/WCDMA/LTE is “wap”, and for CDMA/EVDO is “card”.

Password: fill in the related parameters. Get this parameter from the Sim Card Provider or Carrier.
Notes: If your SIM card has no user name, please input out default value, otherwise the router may not dialup. Our default value for GSM/WCDMA/LTE is “wap”, and for CDMA/EVDO is “card”.

 

Step 6) Set Cell SIM2. Follow Step 6 of setting Cell SIM1.

Step 7) Activate the “Cell SIM Switching Trigger” feature

Setting location: H750 web: Internet Settings – WAN — All Cell Option

There are 6 types of Cell Option Mode (Cell Switching Mode),

Mode Description
cell1 only With this mode, only sim1 works
cell2 only With this mode, only sim2 works
fail switch cell1 first With this mode, it works as below,
sim1 on – switch to sim2 on if sim1 failed, and keep working on sim2 – switch to sim1 on if sim2 failed, and keep working on sim1 –switch to sim2 on if sim1 failed, and keep working on sim2 – “cycling”
fail switch cell2 first With this mode, it works as below,
sim2 on – switch to sim1 on if sim2 failed, and keep working on sim1 – switch to sim2 on if sim1 failed, and keep working on sim2 –switch to sim1 on if sim2 failed, and keep working on sim1 – “cycling”
cell1 prefer With this mode, it works as below,
sim1 on – keep working on sim1 – if sim1 failed, switch to sim2 – keep working on sim2 for “Check Time (for Prefer mode)”, then try to check if sim1 is restored, if restored, switch to sim1 – “cycling”
cell2 prefer With this mode, it works as below,
sim2 on – keep working on sim2 – if sim1 failed, switch to sim1 – keep working on sim1 for “Check Time (for Prefer mode)”, then try to check if sim2 is restored, if restored, switch to sim2 – “cycling”
advance data traffic cell1 first With this mode, it works as below,
sim1 and sim2 have data limits. Sim1 on — once sim1 data count reaches the limitation, switch to sim2 — once sim2 data count reaches the limitation, sim1 and sim2 neither works until next day/week/month.With this mode, users need set the “Advance Cell Traffic” configuration
advance data traffic cell2 first With this mode, it works as below,
sim1 and sim2 have data limits. Sim2 on — once sim2 data count reaches the limitation, switch to sim1 — once sim1 data count reaches the limitation, sim1 and sim2 neither works until next day/week/month.With this mode, users need set the “Advance Cell Traffic” configuration. Refer to the detailed manuals from E-Lins.
cell on time traffic Sim1 and sim2 work according the time period schedule settings.

With this mode, users need set the “Advance Cell Traffic” configuration. Refer to the detailed manuals from E-Lins.

Notes: Sometimes it may happen the following,
1) Choosing ” fail switch cell1 first” or “cell1 prefer”, SIM2 is firstly online, this is not problem because sometimes the SIM1 has some problem to be online.

2) Choosing ” fail switch cell2 first” or “cell2 prefer”, SIM1 is firstly online, this is not problem because sometimes the SIM2 has some problem to be online.

Check Time (for Prefer mode): set the time for “cell1 prefer mode” or “cell2 prefer mode”

Description for Check Time (for Prefer mode):
For example1, Cell Option Mode is “cell1 prefer”, and Check Time (for Prefer mode) is “5” minutes. It works as below,
Router works with sim1 firstly — if sim1 failed, switch to sim2 — keep working on sim2 with 5 minutes — after 5 minutes, check if sim1 is ok, if ok, switch back to sim1.

For example2, Cell Option Mode is “cell2 prefer”, and Check Time (for Prefer mode) is “5” minutes. It works as below,
Router works with sim2 firstly — if sim2 failed, switch to sim1 — keep working on sim1 with 5 minutes — after 5 minutes, check if sim2 is ok, if ok, switch back to sim1.

Step 8) Click “View” button to double check if the settings are correct.

Step 9) Click “Apply” button or Re-power the router to reboot. Then H750 router will reboot and dialup online.

Once it’s online, the CELL LED will light on.
Notes: sometimes the router cannot dialup after the APN configuration, please power off the router, and re-power on it. Because some radio modules need reboot after the initial APN configuration.

Step 10) Once H750 router is online, it gets a WAN IP Address and Status Page will show similar info.

Step 11) Activate the “Cell ICMP Check” feature

Setting location: H750 web: Internet Settings – Cell ICMP Check

Notes:

1) For router working with best stability, we highly suggest activate and use this feature.

With this feature, the Router will automatically detect its working status and fix the problem.

2) Please disable the “Ping from WAN Filter” if use ICMP check feature, otherwise it cannot work.

 

  • Active: tick it to enable ICMP check feature
  • Check method: fill in checking domain name or IP. Click HOST/IP check button to verify before using it.
  • Check interval time (sec): set the interval time of every check
  • Check Count: set the checking count number
  • Reboot Count Before Sleep: H750 Router will sleep to stop checking after failed with set times.
  • Sleep Time (min): H750 Router sleep timing before resume check.

 

Example with above picture:

H750 Router check “www.google.com” and “112.134.8.8”, it will check 3 times. After the previous check, it will do next check after 60 seconds. Totally it will check 3 times. If 3 times all failed, H750 Router will reboot. If reboots 3 times continuously, H750 Router goes to sleep to stop checking. The sleep time is 5 minutes. After 5 minutes, H750 Router resumes to cycle the checking.

 

IoT Applications

Category : 其他, 技术相关

According to Gartner, Inc. (a technology research and advisory corporation), there will be nearly 20.8 billion devices on the Internet of things by 2020. ABI Research estimates that more than 30 billion devices will be wirelessly connected to the Internet of things by 2020. As per a 2014 survey and study done by Pew Research Internet Project, a large majority of the technology experts and engaged Internet users who responded—83 percent—agreed with the notion that the Internet/Cloud of Things, embedded and wearable computing (and the corresponding dynamic systems) will have widespread and beneficial effects by 2025. As such, it is clear that the IoT will consist of a very large number of devices being connected to the Internet. In an active move to accommodate new and emerging technological innovation, the UK Government, in their 2015 budget, allocated £40,000,000 towards research into the Internet of things. The former British Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, posited that the Internet of things is the next stage of the information revolution and referenced the inter-connectivity of everything from urban transport to medical devices to household appliances.

Integration with the Internet implies that devices will use an IP address as a unique identifier. However, due to thelimited address space of IPv4 (which allows for 4.3 billion unique addresses), objects in the IoT will have to use IPv6to accommodate the extremely large address space required. Objects in the IoT will not only be devices with sensory capabilities, but also provide actuation capabilities (e.g., bulbs or locks controlled over the Internet). To a large extent, the future of the Internet of things will not be possible without the support of IPv6; and consequently the global adoption of IPv6 in the coming years will be critical for the successful development of the IoT in the future.

The ability to network embedded devices with limited CPU, memory and power resources means that IoT finds applications in nearly every field. Such systems could be in charge of collecting information in settings ranging from natural ecosystems to buildings and factories, thereby finding applications in fields of environmental sensing and urban planning.

On the other hand, IoT systems could also be responsible for performing actions, not just sensing things. Intelligent shopping systems, for example, could monitor specific users’ purchasing habits in a store by tracking their specific mobile phones. These users could then be provided with special offers on their favorite products, or even location of items that they need, which their fridge has automatically conveyed to the phone. Additional examples of sensing and actuating are reflected in applications that deal with heat, electricity and energy management, as well as cruise-assisting transportation systems. Other applications that the Internet of things can provide is enabling extended home security features and home automation. The concept of an “Internet of living things” has been proposed to describe networks of biological sensorsthat could use cloud-based analyses to allow users to study DNA or other molecules.

However, the application of the IoT is not only restricted to these areas. Other specialized use cases of the IoT may also exist. An overview of some of the most prominent application areas is provided here. Based on the application domain, IoT products can be classified broadly into five different categories: smart wearable, smart home, smart city, smart environment, and smart enterprise. The IoT products and solutions in each of these markets have different characteristics.

 

Differences between industrial class and SOHO class for Router / Modem

Category : 其他, 技术相关

As we know, the devices mainly cover three classes, that is SOHO class, Industrial class and Military class.  Each class has its own application requirement. The SOHO class modem and router don’t meet the requirements of the industrial environment and standard entirely because of it is designed for office automation. Mainly differences are the below,

1. Control
The SOHO class is simple design for internet use. People no need control it very often.
The industrial class is designed mainly for industry applications. People need control it quite often, even 7*24 hours.

2. Stable, reliable and robust
SOHO class features are simply. It is mainly used for internet surfing, which is installed in house. People can check and assist it in time. With cost requirement, SOHO class design and development will not care too much for the stability and reliability. The industrial class cares the stability and reliability very much because it’s mainly installed under people’ touch. In another world, it should be working for 7*24 hours without people assist. So the industrial class must have good reliability, recoverability, and maintainability in the production environment at the same time. It is a guarantee that it will not lead the collapse of applications, operating system even the network when any component failure occurs in a network system.

3. The security issues
Lots of fields exist inflammable, explosive or toxic gases inevitably in the process of industrial production, and there must have some certain explosion-proof technology for the intelligent devices and communication equipment which can ensure the safety of industrial field. It is much more practical to add explosion-proof and explosion-proof measures in the Ethernet system under the condition of current technology, namely the ignition energy which caused by the devices problem will not leak through increasing explosion-proof measures to the Ethernet field devices, which can ensure the safety of running system. For those dangerous situation where is no strict safety requirements, you can not consider complex explosion-proof measures.

The network safety of industrial system is another security issue must be considered at the industrial Ethernet applications. Industrial Ethernet can make the traditional three layers of the network system, namely, information management layer, process monitoring layer and field equipment layer, an organic whole, which make the faster data transfer, higher real-time and it can integrate with the Internet seamlessly, it realizes data sharing and improves the operational efficiency of the factory. But there is a series of network security problems at the same time, industrial network may under the threat of virus infection, hackers and illegal operation.

4. The vehicle power supply issues
The vehicle power supply refers to the cable connected to the field devices not only to transmit data signals, but also provide equipment working power supply on-site. The Ethernet hasn’t considered this issue from the design at the beginning, while there are a lot of bus power supply requirements on the industrial site. Because of the above problems, the ordinary commercial Ethernet cannot be applied to the control of industrial field directly. And the industrial Ethernet is produced to solve these problems.

 

5. Features and performance
The industrial class owns much more features and SOHO class, such as connection alive monitor and keeping, Dual Sim connection, multi-line redundancy, GPS, Serial ports, VPN networks, high gain and special antenna replacement, etc.

E-Lins 4G Wireless Router: Solutions for Transport

Category : 其他, 技术相关

Traffic Data Acquisition Application
Traffic Data Acquisition is among one important tasks in ITS. All the on-line or historical data are vital for the design and planning for the traffic management strategy. The traffic data acquisition device normal consists of two parts: the sensor and the controller. The controller links with the central through wire-line connection and send back the data collected from the sensor. However, installation of the wire-line relates to huge engineering efforts and the maintenance of fixed lines has always been difficult. There will be more problems to get wire-line connection in remote areas. When

the communication line goes down, data is lost unless a data Logger is further installed.

In this application, wireless module links with the Traffic Data Acquisition device using RS485 interface. The raw data from the detector is further analyzed by the data protocol analysis mechanism provided by the wireless module and sorted data is transmitted to the central Traffic Control Centre through GPRS network and Internet in TCP/IP packet. Data can be temporarily stored in the memory buffer when GPRS is disconnected. From the system integrator”s point of view, all the integration on the terminal wireless

connection is achieved by the plug & play of wireless module and no change is necessary on the original detecting device. And only simple application is required at the central to access the terminal data. The total system implementation is accomplished within 3 weeks.

High Gain Antenna–Yagi-Uda Antenna

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 其他

Today, we are talking about high gain antennas. Here I want to introduce a strong one. A Yagi–Uda antenna, commonly known as a Yagi antenna, is a directional antenna consisting of multiple parallel elements in a line, usually half-wave dipoles made of metal rods.

Yagi–Uda antennas consist of a single driven element connected to the transmitter or receiver with a transmission line, and additional “parasitic elements” which are not connected to the transmitter or receiver: a so-called reflector and one or more directors.

The Yagi–Uda antenna consists of a number of parallel thin rod elements in a line, usually half-wave long, typically supported on a perpendicular crossbar or “boom” along their centers. There is a single driven element driven in the center (consisting of two rods each connected to one side of the transmission line), and a variable number of parasitic elements, a single reflector on one side and optionally one or more directors on the other side. The parasitic elements are not electrically connected to the transmitter or receiver, and serve as passive radiators, reradiating the radio waves to modify the radiation pattern. Typical spacings between elements vary from about  110 to ¼ of a wavelength, depending on the specific design. The directors are slightly shorter than the driven element, while the reflector(s) are slightly longer. The radiation pattern is unidirectional, with the main lobe along the axis perpendicular to the elements in the plane of the elements, off the end with the directors.

It’s also a good choice for you when you use E-Lins routers in rural area. This antenna will gain better reception than standard antennas for routers.

E-Lins New Product H820q —— 5 Powerful Wifi Antenna Assembling

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 其他

Best way to assemble H820Q wifi antenna

WiFi1—to 5Ghz Main;

WiFi2–to 5Ghz Aux

WiFi3–to 5Ghz Aux2(for special wifi module)

 

WiFi4–to 2.4Ghz Main

WiFi5–to 2.4Ghz Aux

 

 

IoT WORLD FORUM 2017

Category : 产品文章, 伊林思产品FAQ, 其他

Conference information:

IoT WORLD FORUM 2017 will be held in London, November 15-16 – 2017

IoT WORLD FORUM, 2017 is the world’s leading Internet of Things Conference 2017 focusing on IoT applications, IoT Solutions and IoT Companies for all verticals including automotive, healthcare, asset and fleet management, manufacturing, security, retail point of sales, smart grid, smart metering, smart home and consumer electronics industry.

For more information, please visit the event site here: http://iotinternetofthingsconference.com