Prev

Next

What is M2M? As is known to all, besides providing more broadband speed and quality, 5G is characterized by the application of the Internet of things (IoT) from the demand and design stage. In order to adapt to different applications, mobile communication technology with no wiring, high coverage and high reusability has become an important...

更多文章

The similarities and differences between industrial... 1. definition of industrial 4G router and industrial switch   Industrial 4G router:   Industrial 4G router is a network device responsible for path finding. It provides users with communication by finding the least communication from multiple paths in the interconnection network. Industrial 4G router...

更多文章

4g router features of E-lins Technology With the development of new communication technologies and the continuous improvement of network efficiency and function of wireless communication, 4G has been widely used. 4G industrial-grade wireless routers are playing an increasingly important role in the applications of various industries, and the price is getting...

更多文章

E-Lins Industrial router applications Industrial-grade routers as Internet network layer communication equipment application in all walks of life, brought a lot of convenience for our industry. "E-Lins" introduce the application of industrial router scenario analysis.   1 The self-service terminal network   E-lins industrial router networking...

更多文章

Classification of 4G industrial routers There are many types of 4G industrial routers, which can be divided into different categories from different perspectives. Different types of 4G industrial routers can be used in different environments. The following sections classify the 4G industrial routers from different perspectives. According to the performance From...

更多文章

twitter

了解工业级路由器Classless与Classful路由协议

Category : 产品文章

大家都非常清楚,可以将一个IP网段划分成多个子网,子网的掩码可以是任意位数,比如将一个10.0.0.0/8的大网划分出10.1.1.0/24,10.1.2.0/24,10.1.3.0/24等等,划分出来的更小的网络叫做子网,而原来的大网络叫主网,也称为主类网络,A类地址掩码必须为8位才是主类网络,B类地址掩码必须为16位才是主类网络,C类地址掩码必须为24位才是主类网络。

无论是主网还是子网,都会被工业路由器放入路由表,只是某些工业LTE路由器路由协议不能精确传递子网而已,但只要路由协议传递了子网和掩码,工业级路由器就一定会将其放入路由表中。

支持子网的功能被称为Classless,支持Classless可以与子网很好的协作,如果不支持子网,则被称为Classful,所以,一个路由协议是工作在Classless还是Classful,直接关系到全网路由器路由信息中是否存在精确的子网信息,如RIP和EIGRP,并且这些功能可以在协议中手工开启或关闭。4g DTU

路由协议有Classless与Classful的说法,而IOS本身也有运行在Classless还是Classful的说法,IOS是工作在Classless还是Classful,并不影响路由表中是否有子网条目,也就是说,IOS工作在Classless还是Classful,并不影响工业3G路由器路由表的建立,工业级LTE路由器路由表不会有任何区别,但是,Classless与Classful会决定工业无线路由器转发数据包的进程,影响如下:

对于某个主类网络,如10.0.0.0/8,当工业全网通路由器路由表中存在其中部分子网,如10.1.1.0/24和10.1.2.0/24,当工作在Classless时,对于已经知道的子网,工业级无线路由器会将数据包精确地发送到相应出口,而对于并不知道的子网和其它所有未知目标网络,如10.1.3.0/24和30.1.1.0/24,如果存在默认路由的话,工业级4G路由器便将他们全部发送到默认路由所指示的出口;但是当全网通路由器工作在Classful时,工业级全网通路由器知道了子网10.1.1.0/24,就始终会认为其它所有10.0.0.0/8范围内的子网都应该真实存在于网络中,会认为10.1.2.0/24、10.1.3.0/24等等都存在于网络中,只是自己没有详细路由,这时,当路由器收到去往10.1.1.0/24的数据包时,可以正常转发,但是如果收到去往10.1.3.0/24和30.1.1.0/24的数据包,当路由表中存在默认路由时,去往30.1.1.0/24的数据包会被发送到默认工业级3G路由器路由指示的出口,而去往10.0.0.0/8中的未知子网10.1.3.0/24的数据包则被全部丢弃而不走默认路由。

由以上情况可以看出,工业4G路由器工作在Classful时,如果知道了某个主类网络中的部分子网后,其它所有未知子网的数据包将被全部丢弃而不转发,即使存在默认路由,也不会转发,而其它主类网络的数据包还是会正常转发。IOS的Classless与Classful可以通过命令ip classless和no ip classless开启或关闭。

标签:4g路由器   无线路由器

Wireless M2M Solution for Environmental

Category : 其他

Wireless M2M Solution for Environmental

Environmental information of large quantity, various kinds and quick update is in urgent demand. Thus, how to establish environmental data acquisition systems of practical use, wide coverage, real-time, and flexibility?  Data transmission with GPRS wireless network comes. Pollution monitoring equipment could send collected pollution data and alarm information to environmental monitoring department with GPRS network timely, achieving efficient and effective management over sewage units.

Wireless M2M Solution for Energy Sources

Category : 其他

Wireless M2M Solution for Energy Sources

 

With tech development, E-Lins smart series modules and computer-systems appear to serve oil field, able to remote monitor and collect oil equipment data. Oil well pump is the key part in oil field. Large quantity and wide spread of oil wells increases labor intensity, moreover impacting real-time data extraction and accuracy of equipment monitoring. Oil field monitoring and operating system, based upon computer and GPRS wireless data radio, solves the problem, greatly improving oil production efficiency, reducing overall cost, and realizing oil production and management automation.

Wireless Router for Mobile Network

Category : 其他

Mobile wireless router is for mobile cellular network, providing wifi and rj45 connection, for Soho and Industrial class use.
From technology, Wireless router is mainly classified in wireless wifi router, wireless wimax router, and wireless cell router.
From used filed, wireless router is classified soho (also called in non-industrial) class, and industrial class for Industrial Ethernet Router.
SOHOis for large data use, for example 3Grouter (including EVDO Router, HSDPA Router, and HSUPA Router, and HSPA Router.)
A wireless router is a device that performs the functions of a router but also includes the functions of a wireless access point and a network switch. They are commonly used to allow access to the Internet or a computer network without the need for a cabled connection. It can function in a wired LAN (local area network), a wireless only LAN (WLAN), or a mixed wired/wireless network. Most current wireless routers have the following characteristics:
1. LAN RJ45 ports, normally 1 or 2 or 4 ports, which function in the same manner as the ports of a network switch
2.      A WAN port, normally 1 RJ45 port to connect to a wide area network, typically one with Internet access. External destinations are accessed using this port. If it is not used, many functions of the router will be bypassed.
3.      Wireless antennae. These allow connections from other wireless devices (NICs (network interface cards), wireless repeaters, wireless access points, and wireless bridges, for example), usually using the Wi-Fi standard.
4.      Some wireless routers also include a DSL or cable modem in addition to their other components.
As for the wireless antenna, contains GSM/3Gcellular antenna and WiFi/Wimax antenna, with different connecting type, such as SMA. Normally antenna is default packed by manufacturer. High gain antenna is available for replacement to receive better and stronger signal so as to get good receiving and transmission of data.

Wireless M2M Make Machine Talk

Category : 其他

What’s wireless M2M?

M2M=Machine to Machine, which means let the machines communicates together. Wireless M2M use wireless network for the communications, such as cellular wireless network, RFID, WiFi, Wimax and other networks.

Wireless-M2M, provides communications between people, devices and systems that turns data into information, that can communicate with companies management systems so they can act upon it. Machine-to-machine solutions are giving corporate adopters an efficient and cost-efficient method to make necessary connections happen. Companies adopting M2M are using these solutions to solve their challenges, whether it is by industry or application. Machine-to-machine business is about creating solutions aimed at improving existing business, creating new opportunities, and essentially making daily life easier. What makes M2M solutions so essential is that the technology is driven more by devices interacting with people and other devices and systems. The goal is to increase performance and competitiveness of companies, cost-saving and better service levels.

Wireless-M2M solutions range from embedded modules and boards, to external boxed solution products can make virtually any existing, or legacy devices to be easily networked, either wired or wireless. Our wireless connectivity products utilise Bluetooth, GSM, GPRS and Wi-Fi technologies to simplify cabling, increase user mobility, and enable remote device management. Wireless-M2M has helped customers in a range of vertical markets wirelessly enable their products all over the world. Applications range from Remote Data Monitoring, asset tracking, Retail Business messaging, Remote Alarm Monitoring, EPOS, Industrial, Energy Management and many others.

Wireless M2M communications Wireless-M2M range of GSM, GPRS, Bluetooth, Wireless and GPS, intelligent products provide the most robust, high-performance, and fastest route for wireless connectivity into products for data and multimedia applications for easy integration.

However, cellular network is the most used and mainly used for wireless m2m. The GSM network, 3G network, even new 4G network are the good choice for M2M if the cable network is unconvenient to get.

Cellular Producuts for Wireless M2M

Category : 其他

Equipment is normally at remote site from anywhere in the world, which need monitor or remote management. With wireless cellular device for connection, no more expensive site visiting.

The Global System for Mobile Communications Service is the most widely use. GSM also provides a number of carefully standardized and broadly supported capabilities such as Short Message Service (SMS), circuit switched data (CSD) and General Packet Radio Services (GPRS). Used on all bands throughout the world. 900 and 1800MHz, higher bands for data and imaging. Choose from our vast range of products from a simple GSM modems to a high performance GPRS2G router or a3G HSPA router.

GSM Modems have Plug & Play solution for quick and easy integration. The wide performance range and robust case of the our modems and routers enables you to quickly develop new telemetry and telematic applications. Our GSM Modems and routers come complete with all accessories to enable you to start an application. Some even come complete with additional features, such as fixed IP SIM card, application toolkit and extended AT Commands for the industrial environment.

Mainly wireless M2M device covers:
Cellular Router;
Cellular Modem;
Cellular IP modem;
Others.
During them, router and modem is the most used.

A. Routers
1. gprs router
2. edge router
3. cdma1x router
4. HSDPA router
5. HSUPA router
6. HSPA/HSPA+ router
7. EVDO router
8. 4G LTE router

B. Modem
1. gprs modem
2. edge modem
3. cdma1x modem
4. HSDPA modem
5. HSUPA modem
6. HSPA/HSPA+ modem
7. EVDO modem
8. 4G LTE modem

Port types: RJ45 ethernet, USB, RS232, RS485, TTL.

2G router and 2g modem is for small data. 3g router and 3g modem are for big data transmission requirements.
3g wifi router is a router with wifi connection, which is convenient for management locally.

Wireless M2M Solution for Security

Category : 其他

Security access control system has become an extremely important part of security system.

The fundamental reason is that it takes the initiative to replace the passive monitor, such as CCTV, burglar alarms, to control main channels to prevent criminals from entering through normal channels, and that it is able to control access doors to deter crime or reduce losses. In recent years, GPRS access control system has been popular, applied to postal system, power supply system, banking system, residential area, hotels, etc.. It greatly improves security management efficiency.

Wireless M2M Solution for Traffic

Category : 其他

Wireless M2M Solution for Traffic

Smart Traffic is a new type of transportation of information, intelligence and socialization, making use of advanced tech, including information, communication, and control. Car satellite positioning system is quite a good example. GPRS/CDMA network could also be applied to position buses, taxies, trucks, to master the overall situation for monitor and dispatch

Wireless M2M Solution for Financial System

Category : 其他

Wireless M2M Solution for Financial System

POS (Point of Sales) real-time service system is the important base of realizing commercial automation.China’s banks have set up their own systems of cable access to POS systems, but the cable POS machines are always restricted by space and telecommunication lines, which make it hard to achieve the goal that card consumption can be quick and checked at anytime and anyplace. The access way of GPRS wireless POS machines can solve the problem that POS machines can only be used on some fixed occasions, which makes POS machines not restricted by the telecommunication, and now it has been widely accepted by customers, such as, hotels, gas companies, bus companies, highway authorities, banks, distribution centers, passenger ticketing centers, taxation departments, delivery companies, and mobile sales offices, etc.

Wireless M2M Solution for Water Conservancy

Category : 其他

Wireless M2M Solution for Water Conservancy

Hydrological station is a site to collect basic water information, the basis for hydrological work. With basin’s rapid economic growth and population growth, conflict between water supply and demand is more and more prominent.  Real-time hydrological data, collected by hydrological station, is in great demand. The use of digital video surveillance system, to collect data, image, sound, video, improves accuracy. Hydrological stations spread widely and remotely. Thus, it’s impossible to use of wired or fiber communication to delivery data. In contrast, wireless communication wiring is simple, convenient, and the cost is relatively low, saving a lot of investment. E-Lins Router series is a smart choice for hydrological application